A Better Understanding Of Perfectionism And Depression

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The main purpose of this research is to have a better understanding of perfectionism and depression in adults. Perfectionism is a personality trait and perfectionist individuals are individuals who expect high standards of performance. Perfectionism has been identified as a risk factor for major depressive disorder (MDD). In this study, it is examined if outcome expectancy involved in perfectionist individuals differs for individuals with depression compared to non-depressed individuals. To conduct this research 49 depressed and 42 non-depressed individuals participated and to measure the severity of perfectionism and depression a self-report instrument was used. Individuals with depression report higher negative and lower positive outcome expectancies associated with perfectionism compared to non-depressed participants. This study is the first to provide preliminary evidence that outcome expectancies involved in perfectionism may be related to psychological functioning in depression. In this experimental study, 49 participants with clinically validated MDD and 42 non-depressed females were recruited as participants through flyers and internet ads. The participant’s BDI scores reflected moderate depression severity in the depressed group (mean = 29.62, SD = 9.27), and no depression in the control group (mean = 3.26, SD = 3.83). To measure for the level of perfectionism of an individual the performance perfectionism scale which is a 32-item questionnaire that measures outcome expectancy for performance associated with perfectionism was used. The PPS indexes how individuals expect their perfectionism to influence their performance. To make a graph from the measurements two dimensions are used in this study include, the outcome expec... ... middle of paper ... ...gative and less positive outcome expectancies compared to the non-depressed control group, both groups reported more positive than negative outcome expectancy with high standards of performance. Perfectionism in depression is associated with poor treatment response because depressed individuals continue to perceive perfectionism as positive and helpful more than negative and harmful. This research is a perfect study for explaining how human cognition functions can affect the behavior. Perfectionism which is a largely cognitive phenomenon can have negative impacts on behaviors of individuals. This study suggests that there is a positive correlation between individuals with perfectionism and their severity of depression and how these two factors can affect the individual’s attitude toward their engagement in activities and therefore, their result on their performance.

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