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The Relative Age Effect (RAE) refers to a phenomenon that suggests that athletes at the elite level are more likely to be born in the first 3 months after the cut-off data. For example, most cut-off dates for sports in the United States are January 1st. Therefore, there is an overrepresentation of individuals in elite sports born in January, February, and March. Several mechanisms have been proposed to account for the RAE. One potential mechanism is the role of maturational differences in successful performance in sports. Children who are older and thus more developed tend to have greater height and mass, which underpin performance in sports requiring power and speed (Baker, Schorer, &Cobley, 2010). These maturational differences can lead to an increased likelihood of being considered talented, and therefore children who are relatively older receive more attention and resources from their coaches than younger children. This selection as “talented” leads to access to better resources and more opportunities to practice. Those not selected have less access to practice, coaching, and com...

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