In the state of Illinois, women make seventy-nine cents for every dollar that men make. This means that women get paid 79% of what men get paid for the same job, with the same education, and the same set of skills. This is called the wage gap, which emphasizes why women are more likely to be poor. In fact this is not the only reason why women are driven into poverty. Women are more likely to be impoverished because of the wage gap, the jobs that women have, and their children.
Pay gaps has been an issue between genders in stem fields. Young women in STEM fields earn up to one-third less than men. After women graduate with Ph.D.’s in STEM fields, they earn thirty-one percent less than men do. A study by PayScale, on the gender pay gap using salary data from more than 1.4 million full-time employees from pay scale, reveals that men are not just out earning women in male dominated fields, they make more money in every industry. (2015, Lydia Dishman) “Occupational segregation accounts for majority of the pay gap between men and women.
Women are educated are now making their own rules by creating their own companies instead of working for one. According to in the past decade the number of privately owned companies started by women in America has increased twice as fast as the number owned by men. Women-owned companies employ more people than the largest 500 companies combined. Right now women are still living in a Man’s world. Although women have made great strides in the workplace; the increases in pay are coming at a slow speed especially with the fact that more women are educated than ever before.
In 1994, there were only 22 tenured female faculty at MIT versus male tenured faculty of 252. (5) Female faculty were found to have endured a wide disparity with their male counterparts in salary, space, resources for research, named chairs, prizes, awards, amount of salary paid from individual grants, teach obligations and assignments, committee assignments (department, institute, outside professional activities and committees, pipeline data), numbers of women/men students, and faculty overtime. Steps have been implemented to resolve this discrimination and more recent findings have indicated an increase in number of tenured women faculty in addition to improvements in the other areas mentioned. (2) Competent engineers need to have several key areas of skill: 1) critical and creative thinking, 2) aptitude in the math and science disciplines, 3) the ability to
More women were completing their college education and earning bachelor degrees. However, in spite of women improving their education and becoming more qualified to occupy better jobs and work side by side with their male coworkers, they were still earning less than their male colleagues. This wage gap can be tracked back to 1963 when President Ken... ... middle of paper ... ...ation. Men in the United States had earlier access to college education than women. It was 200 years from the time Harvard opened to the year where the first college to admit women was opened.
The ratio of male to female workers in STEM fields is 3-1. In college, more women major in the humanities than in the sciences. In education, women are often seen as lesser than; even though 65% of all college degrees are earned by women. Women are still often seen as needing to be more decorative than intellectual, as represented by the Barbie who included the phrase, “Math is hard!” and the shirt that JC Penneys sold that said, “I’m too pretty to do homework, so my brother has to do it for me.” While there was a backlash on both items, it points out that there is a great deal of work to do on the educational gender bias to be
When President John F. Kennedy signed the Equal Pay Act of 1963 into law, he hoped that it would allow working women to finally earn the same amount of money as men; however, more than half a century later, men continue to out earn women in almost every field of work (Lipman para. 4). Male dominated fields tend to pay more than female dominated fields at similar skill levels. In 2012, women earned an average of $691 per week while men earned an average of $854 per week. Furthermore, the majority of women remain unaware that they are earning less than their male colleagues (Hegewisch para.
In ten years it was 62.1 percent and finally in 1995 it had grown to 69.7 percent (7). This showed that the female attitude towards having children and marriage has changed. According to the handouts, in 1970 women were paid poorly when compared to their male counterparts. The female worker had a median yearly earning of 19, 101 dollars. This was only 59.4 percent of what the males made.
Since 2000, the primary school enrolment rate in developing regions has reached 91%. Although, access does not always mean quality of education, or completion of primary school. As of now, 103 million youth worldwide still lack basic literacy skills, and more than 60% are women. There are still gross inequalities in work and wages, lots of unpaid “women’s work” such as child care and discrimination in public decision-making, on a lighter note, there are more girls are in school now compared than compared to 2000. A majority of regions have reached gender parity in primary education and the percentage of females being paid for labor is also
Many say that career choice is one of the top contributors. According to Cloutier, “In 2013, women made up 75 percent of education and health services employees, but only 33 percent of lawyers, 36 percent of physicians and surgeons, and 27 percent of chief executives in 2013.”(Cloutier 2). Based off a general Google search, you can search and see that education and health services pay significantly lower than doctors, lawyers, and CEO’s. This would answer the question “Why is there a wage gap?” The average of seventy-seven cents to a male’s one dollar is an AVERAGE. Based on Cloutiers’ statistics, it makes plenty of sense when three-fourths of women in the workforce work lower annual income jobs.