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19th Century American Imperialism

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Assignment Name: Malik Muzammil Ali Khan Student Number: 412998 Date: 18/09/15 Course: Economic History and International Relations Course Code: CH2201 Tutorial group: 1 Imperialism and Colonialism By the late 19th century Europe had established itself as far superior both economically and militarily compared to the rest of the world. The scientific revolution and the industrial revolution helped Europe with advancements in technology and made the other countries around the world no match for the European states. The European powers had already started international trade with other countries around the world. This ended up being vey profitable for them as it helped develop their economy even more. The European countries then began to …show more content…

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that imperialism caused its fair share of problems. the european powers did not always treat the countries they conquered very nicely.
  • Cites engerman, s.l., sokoloff, k. l. (2005). colonialism, inequality, and long-run paths of development.
  • Explains that knutsen, t.l., a history of international relations theory. isbn: 0 7190 4930 9.
  • Cites time's greatest events: 100 turning points that changed the world: an illustrated journey.
  • Explains the editors of encyclopedia britannica. south african war british-south african history.
  • Explains ward, j.r., the industrial revolution and british imperialism, 1750-1850.
  • Explains that europe had established itself as far superior both economically and militarily compared to the rest of the world. the age of imperialism began in 1870.
  • Explains that the european imperialist powers did some positive things in their colonies, such as building infrastructure for their own purposes, and creating systems of governance that many colonies continued to use after the british left.

This ship, however, not only set sail for scientific reasons but also for the needs of the empire. The French had just lost Canada and they along with the British were looking for a new island which captain Cook discovered, known as Australia. This is just a small example of how the British slowly kept on gaining more and more territory around the world. By 1850, the British controlled Canada, Australia, India and the southern part of Africa. After the start of Imperialism they expanded their empire even further. At its largest in 1920, the British Empire controlled Canada, parts of Honduras, Jamaica, British Guiana, Egypt, Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Uganda, Kenya, South Africa, Rhodesia, the Indian Empire, Australia, and more (Atlas of British …show more content…

They did end up doing some positive things in their respective colonies. The British for example created lots of infrastructure in almost all of their colonies. The infrastructure they built like bridges and roads and railway networks were for their own purposes as they used the new infrastructure to transport soldiers in times of war and anything else that they needed from one end of the country to the other could be brought back with relative ease. Even though the building of the infrastructure was for selfish purposes, the British left all of this behind when they departed and their colonies gained independence. Not only did the British establish infrastructure in their colonies, but also created systems of governance that many of the colonies continued to use even after the British left. They introduced efficient civil service, an effective legal system and also abolished slavery (Engerman & Sokoloff, 2005). Having read and analyzed the provided literature, it can be concluded that Imperialism began for a number of very important reasons. It came up with a few benefits but mostly caused damage to the rest of the world apart from Europe. Many of the former colonies are still dealing with the long-term effects of Imperialism

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