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1763 Salutary Neglect

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During the period prior to 1763, the British North American colonies enjoyed a policy of salutary neglect, where they were able to largely govern themselves. Navigation Laws, although technically in place, were very loosely enforced. However, the French and Indian War transformed the situation in the colonies. The colonists shouldered a great amount of the war debt in the form of taxes, and the British took a stricter stance against the previously self-governing colonies. In all, the end of the French and Indian War in 1763 transformed the colonial policy of salutary neglect into a much firmer governance by the British. Before 1763, the colonial policy of salutary neglect fostered an attitude of independence among the colonists. From 1607…show more content…
He took a hard stance on colonial freedoms and passed the Townshend Acts. These involved new taxes, a stricter Quartering Act and stricter Navigation Law enforcement. The new taxes, however, were levied on imported goods at the time of import. So colonists were indirectly taxed through higher priced goods that resulted from the tariff-like import tax. This was coupled with stricter enforcement of the Navigation Laws, so colonists were unable to easily avoid the British taxes by trading elsewhere. Since the colonies were already short on gold and silver for currency, these stricter laws has serious effects on the colonists’ wallets. The divide between the colonies and Britain continued to…show more content…
In Boston, colonists were accustomed to their strong tradition of self-government and civil liberties. The Townshend Acts harshly imposed on their freedoms, and the presence of British forces in the port area exacerbated their animosity. In December of 1776, some radical Bostonians dressed as lobsters, clearly mocking the British “redcoats”, and started a brawl with the drunken British port officers. This event became known as the Boston Massacre. The Bostonians made a point to the British government, but clearly the wrong one. Parliament enacted new laws, such as the Boston Port Act, which closed the port of Boston to trade until damages were paid for, and a further expansion of the Quartering Act that forced colonists to put up British troops in their homes. These new laws were known as the “Intolerable Acts”. The colonists were fiercely ready to rebel against their mother country, especially in more liberal areas like Boston and New England as a
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