Fea, John. Was America Founded as a Christian Nation?: A Historical Introduction. 1st ed. Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press, 2011.
Many American citizens of today would not think that religion was one of the largest factors that developed the nation. After winning the Revolutionary War and gaining independence from England, a religious expansion erupted as there were more Protestants, Baptists, Mormons, and other religious affiliations grew massively among the small nation. Even the Founding Fathers had a large opinion of religion, only practicing to benefit themselves and other rich, white men. They even had an influence of religion into their political beliefs. Also, groups like the Native Americans had an impact of Christianity and changed the Christians viewpoints to even connect to today’s Christian values in America. Although most of the growth of religion did not
In the 17th century, the state of culture, ethnic religion, government and gender sought separation from the larger group. The motivation for separation included personal issues, economic, political, cultural resentment and preservation of other threatened traditions. Religious separatism started when some groups sought to withdraw from the larger religious groups. Ethnic separation centers itself on movements to obtaining independence from their colonialists and their different empires. Racial separatism based on splitting the racial lines opposed interracial marriages with other races, and separation of the schools where their children studied, businesses, and other social institutions even
The Second Great Awakening, was a wave of religious revivals, began in the earnest of the southern frontier around the 1800’s. Before the Second Great Awakening many Americans did not profess traditional Christian beliefs. This religious revival had a great impact on antebellum American religion and reform. The Second Great Awakening partially grew out of evangelical opposition to the deism associated with the French Revolution and became stronger in the late 1820s. This was a time of major transitioning in the American religious life. The following describes the social and religious effects of the Second Great Awakening.
America was affected by a wave of religious shifts throughout its history, being a firmly religious culture to becoming a leader of scientific progression on a global scale and maintaining its religious roots. As shown, America changed from being a religiously dedicated nation to becoming a nation with religious roots with tolerance of other beliefs.
The struggle between Protestantism and pluralism in the 19th century
The 19th century was well known for its religious expansion in America. Religion had become an essential part of the established American culture, at the same time had great influence on the spiritual lives of individuals. Religion has always aroused a special interest in people, many seek in religion the power to dominate and others selflessly embrace it as a form to live a harmonious life. Nonetheless, the superiority of some established religions from the beginning predominated over those seeking to enter the identity of the religious culture. Alexis de Tocqueville, was a French statesman, that while visiting America made a strong observation about the power of religion,
Gaustad, Edwin S. The Religious History of America: The Heart of the American Story from Colonial Times to Today. N.p.: HarperOne, 2004. Print.
Due to the advances in science and technology, the beginning of the 19th century was considered a period of doubt and reasoning especially for religious people with conservatives beliefs within the Catholic/ Christian church. During this time, residents of industrialized and urbanized sectors became more concerned about their fate. This was due to an increased in the immigration which diluted the authority of Christian churches and the literary criticism of the Bible which challenged religious truth claims. This resulted in a crisis of faith just at the time when people seeking new assurance of continuity after death. As stated by Oberhausen, “Spiritualism thrived as an antidote to the materialism and religious uncertainty that had been
19th Century New Religious Movements Analysis
Religion is one of the touchiest subjects for people to discuss. When it comes to religion most people are set in their ways, and can only see things from the perspective that they have been taught to have on certain things. The word “empathy” comes to mind when I think about some of the nineteenth-century religious movements, and all of the heat that they have had to take in the past for what they believe. The definition of the word empathy is, “the ability to understand and share the feelings of another.” Empathy is something that is extremely hard for many people to have when it comes to a religion besides their own, especially when that group has some very distinctive practices that effect
Gaustad, Edwin, and Leigh Schmidt. The Religious History of America. ed. New York, NY: HarperOne, 2004. Print