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Introduction
This paper provides a review of research on Intimate Partner Violence in couples where one or both partners are active duty military or veterans. While there has been extensive research on the prevalence of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in civilian couples and families, there is less information available on the prevalence of IPV in couples where one or both partners are active duty military or veterans. The primary purpose, of this article is to highlight the importance of consistently assessing for the presence of IPV among active duty military and veteran families and developing effective interventions to assist them in establishing healthy, non-violent relationships.

Intimate Partner Violence Defined
The Department of Defense (DOD) defines domestic violence as any offense under the United States Code, the Uniform Code of Military Justice, or State law involving the use, attempted use, or threatened use of force or violence against a person, or a violation of a lawful order issued for the protection of a person who is: A current or former spouse, A person with whom the abuser shares a child in common, or A current or former intimate partner with whom the abuser shares or has shared a common domicile.” (Department of Defense, 2011)

O’Leary (2008) reports physical aggression occurs in almost 50% of (civilian) couples, yet only 5-10% report it as a problem. The rates of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in couples where one or both partners are active duty military or veterans is up to three times higher than in the civilian population (Klostermanna, 2012). One theory that attempts to explain the prevalence of IPV among military personnel is the cultural spillover theory. The cultural spillover theory sugge...

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...ice Historyand VA Benefit Utilization Statistics. National Center for Veterans Analysis and Statistics. Washington, DC: Department of Veterans Affairs.

O'Leary, D. K. (2008). Couple Therapy and Physical Aggression. In A. S. Gurman, & A. S. Gurman (Ed.), Clinical Handbook of Couple Therapy (4th ed., pp. 478-498). New York, NY: The Guilford Press.

Rentz, E. D.-S. (2006). Family Violence in the Military: A Review of the Literature. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse , 7 (2), 93-108. doi: 10.1177/1524838005285916

Rodrigues, A. E. (2014, 3 18). A Methodological Review of Intimate Partner Violence in the Military: Where Do We Go From Here? Trauma Violence Abuse 1524838014526066 .

Wray, A. M. (2013). Preliminary examination of a mutual intimate partner violence intervention among treatment-mandated couples. Journal Of Family Psychology , 27 (4), 664-670. doi:10.1037/a0032912

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