This essay deals with Thomas Malthus and the first two chapters of his “Essay on the Principle of Population”. At first I will provide a short biographical note on Malthus and I will also mention his main achievements. Then, a summary of Malthus' main ideas of the first two chapters of mentioned work follows. Afterward, the essay concludes with a personal note.
2. A short biography
Thomas Robert Malthus was born in 1766 (course textbook, n. d.) in Surrey, England, as the sixth son of a wealthy intellectual family and he died in 1834 (Weikard, n. d.).
He was mainly concerned with population growth and poverty in the English society of his time. It was an answer to the precarious human situation back then. Malthus identified that the ratio of population growth differs from the ratio of growth of food supply. He also explained two kinds of checks on population: preventive and positive checks (course textbook, n. d.).
Malthus’ main achievement is his population theory. In 1798 he published his most important work, namely the “Essay on the Principle of Population”. Another, revised, edition on the topic was launched in 1803 (course textbook, n. d.). He was also concerned with the concept of rent (course textbook, n. d.). Ricardo’s theory of growth is largely based on Malthus’ population theory (Weikard, n. d.).
3. Summary of the “Essay on the principle of population”
In his text, Malthus provides an explanation for the population growth of human societies. He explains why population growth occurs, which behaviour distinguishes human beings from animals and which remedies exist concerning population growth.
Malthus begins his argument mentioning that all living creatures, no matter which, strive to “[...] increa...
... middle of paper ...
...ve to decrease before an increase of the living standard is possible, but today’s society shows that a higher number of human beings and an increase of food supply per head do not exclude each other necessarily (Maddison, 2003). This development is mainly due to the technological progress to which also Malthus refers shortly in his text. In the time he lived, these developments were still not observable as clearly as today. Therefore it remains to say that his text is an outstanding contribution to the knowledge of his time, but readjustment to today’s context is necessary.
Course Textbook (n. d.) Chapter 5: Ricardo and Malthus
Maddison, A. (2003) The World Economy: Historical Statistics, Paris, OECD
Malthus, T. R. (1798) Essay on the Principle of Population, Chapters 1 and 2, pp. 1-13
Weikard, H.-P. (n. d.) Lecture Notes III: Malthus and Ricardo
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Thomas Malthus Thomas Malthus was a British philosopher and economist. He was born in February 13, 1834. He is best known for his book called “An Essay on The Principle of Population”. He was very interested to know everything about population. He researched about birth, death, age of marriage and child bearing, and other economic factors and included all of these things in his book. His found a relationship between food supply and population. In the book he quoted “Population, when unchecked, increases in a geometrical ratio.... [tags: Famine, Poverty]
1070 words (3.1 pages)
- The Economic Agency of Women in Malthus’ Essay on the Principle of Population It is difficult to examine the question of the division of labor within the household in Malthus’ writings as it seems to be entirely outside the scope of his work. Though his conclusions are predicated on the relationship between men and women, from reading his writing one has the distinct impression that women are not really a factor. In spite of this, an examination of the implications inherent in Malthus’ analysis is revealing of some basic assumptions he makes regarding the economic role of women.... [tags: Malthus Principle of Population]
936 words (2.7 pages)
- Thomas Malthus Section Summary Malthus’ work, Essay on the Principle of Population, is often cited, first by Darwin himself, to have influenced Darwin’s conception of the theory of natural selection. His work, though unpopular, and often proven to be off the mark, did in fact bring to the forefront many socio-economic issues that are still being debated today: population control, food production and concerns over uncontrollable diseases arising from the effects of over-population. In this passage it is stated that Malthus was proven wrong: “...Malthus’ dire predictions have proven to be wrong...” (Efficiency and Equity 211).... [tags: Malthus]
1421 words (4.1 pages)
- Thomas Robert Malthus Thomas Robert Malthus is one of the most controversial figures in the history of economics. He achieved fame chiefly from the population doctrine that is now closely linked with his name. Contrary to the late-eighteenth-century views that it was possible to improve people’s living standards, Malthus held that any such improvements would cause the population to grow and thereby reverse these gains. Malthus also sparked controversy with his contemporaries on issues of methodology (by arguing that economics should be an empirical rather than a deductive science), over questions of theory (by holding that economies can experience prolonged bouts of high unemployment), an... [tags: Biography Thomas Robert Malthus Essays]
1922 words (5.5 pages)
- Thomas Malthus Two hundred years ago, Thomas Robert Malthus wrote “An Essay on the principle of population” in which he argued that the world population would increase faster than the food supply. This would cause disastrous results for the general human welfare. A world population of 250 million at the time has now gone up to about 6 billion. This is in spite of wars, plagues, famine, and epidemics. World food production has been keeping pace with population growth until recently. If the world food supply had been distributed equally to each member of society in the mid 1980’s, with a population of 4.7 billion people, each person would have gotten a weekly diet of 11 ponds.... [tags: essays papers]
446 words (1.3 pages)
- The Population Problem Imagine a world where there isn't enough clean water to drink and there isn't ample food to eat. We have used up most of the resources that we require to survive. What little that is left is so polluted that it is not fit to be used. Is this our future. What are we doing to keep this from happening. We recycle, we ride our bikes, we compost, but is this enough. It is up to us to find a cure to the ailment that is destroying our planet. We only have one Earth to sustain the entire human race for the rest of its existence.... [tags: over-population, ecology, environmental]
1418 words (4.1 pages)
- ... Now the population has risen to 7.4 billion. The only reason we are even able to sustain that many people is due to technological advancements and the Green Revolution. Furthermore, around 80% of the world lives in poverty, so those 6 billion people live with a much lessened lifestyle than what we are used to in the US. The population is projected to reach 10 billion around 2100. The increasing population is an extremely substantial issue because it leads to more substantial issues like resource depletion and global warming, which can lead to the end of society as we know it.... [tags: World population, Overpopulation]
715 words (2 pages)
- Adam Smith, David Ricardo and Thomas Malthus have all greatly influenced how people thought about modern economics, especially in areas relating to markets, in terms of the economy and whether certain things affected population rates. In this essay I will cover each of the three topic areas and how each economist interpreted these areas in order to explain why certain phenomena occur within British economics, most of which are still widely accepted today. Adam Smith was the first person to publish ideas about the markets.... [tags: Economics, Adam Smith, David Ricardo]
1219 words (3.5 pages)
- Malthus Thomas Robert Malthus was a well-known economist as well as a clergyman. He was born on February 13th, 1766, in Surrey, England, and was the sixth of seven children. Malthus attended Cambridge in 1784 and graduated four years later with honors in mathematics. In 1789, Malthus became a deacon in the Church of England and curate of Okewood Chapel in Surrey. In 1798, he anonymously published his renowned work An Essay on the Principle of Population as it affects the Future Improvement of Society, with Remarks on the Speculations of Mr.... [tags: essays papers]
569 words (1.6 pages)
- Thomas Malthus and Charles Lyell were two figures who influenced Darwin's theories. Malthus was an influence through his book on the population principle. Darwin had a parallel thinking in the concept of individual struggle in natural selection. Lyell's influence on Darwin was from his book "Principles". Darwin agreed with Lyell's uniformitarian theories, and the uniformitarian understanding helped Darwin explain the elements of natural selection. Malthus believed that starvation would always be a part of human life because he thought that population would increase at a greater rate than food supply.... [tags: Natural Selection, Evolution Essays]
597 words (1.7 pages)
- CHAPTER 3: BACKGROUND THEORY FOR MODELLING PIPELINE OUTFLOW
- Adderall Side Effects
- Dilemmas of American Indian Studies
- SWOT Analysis of the Balanced Scorecard in the UK Banking Sector
- Reflections of the Author's Personality in Different Characters of 'The Picture of Dorian Gray' by Oscar Wild
- Evidence-Based Treatment