Before any juvenile justice system were in place Juveniles were looked at as miniature adult thus they were punished the same, the first Juvenile justice system was established in 1899 in Illinois (Development of the Juvenile Justice System, 2007). Due to the rise in immigration and industrialization of late 1800s and early 1900s, children were on the street causing problem and were committing crimes, many were imprisoned with adults. When the juvenile institution was opened, they were mainly taught life skills and survival mechanism. The idea behind teaching skills was to prepare children for their future, they could use these skills to contribute to the society. During this time three types of juvenile institutions were formed, houses of refuge, new reformatories, and separate institution for Juvenile females. These institutions were designed like military bases to teach order and discipline, but these institutions were soon overcrowded and overworked. Later around 1944 parent based court opened where the state could act as the parent of the c...
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...ourt”” (). Family court will help the judge look at all perspective of the juvenile’s life and what is causing the delinquent behavior.
Social stigma, discrimination and prejudice would affect the solutions of the policy because it might already be hard for a family to deal with a child dealing with delinquent behavior; if the family goes to the court with other problems it could bring more shame to the family. Also, the case might get too complicated with different problems from the family. This policy solutions also leaves out the children who do not live with their parents or family. children who are placed in the welfare system are more like to be involved with the justice system than children living with family. “youth with child welfare involvement face about twice the risk of having juvenile court contact” (journal of the society for social work and research).
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