Climate is always changeable. One winter can be early, another late; one summer wet, another dry (Carter 2000,34). For the last century climate has dramatically changed. Consequences of climate change may manifest itself as rapid and through the long period of time. Climate change could lead to number of catastrophic disasters as droughts, earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, tornadoes and volcanic eruptions. For example earthquakes in New Zealand, China, Chilie, and Haiti,...
... middle of paper ...
...ber of flood events clearly increased.
Fatal casualties caused per flood event decreased significantly, likely due to improved warning
and rescue measures.
In Europe, 64% of all catastrophic events since 1980 are directly attributable to weather and climate extremes: floods, storms, and droughts/heatwaves.
The average number of annual disastrous weather and climate-related events in Europe doubled
over the 1990s, as compared with the previous decade, while non-climatic events (e.g.,
earthquakes) remained stable.
In conclusion, it seems that causes of climate change have effects on nature which covers almost everything. Climatologists’ estimate that there are two causes with several factors that have a response for the Earth’s climate. They are: human activity and natural causes which include volcanic eruptions, variations in solar output.
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