Erikson 's Theory Of Psychosocial Development Essay

Erikson 's Theory Of Psychosocial Development Essay

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Erik Erikson once said, “In the social jungle of human existence, there is no feeling of being alive without a sense of identity”. This is very true, how can you feel alive without knowing what a person or entity is? The sight, smell, hearing, taste, and touch of a person or object is what living is about. Our daily interaction with nature physiques our life experiences. Day after day we experience new things and learn how to make a calculated decision in the future. We sometime forget that we didn’t’ simply become who we are today, but we were developed into that person. We were developed by our society, family, friends and our experiences. Erikson’s (1959) theory of psychosocial development has eight distinct stages that help us understand what we deal with throughout life. At every stage of life we are bombarded by a crisis and then guided by a basic virtue. Erikson (1964) concedes his philosophy is more a descriptive synopsis of human social and emotional development that does not amply explain how or why this development occurs. As we face each different stage of development, we face a new crisis that can help further develop or deter the development of identity.

The Erik Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development theory was greatly influenced by Sigmund Freud. Many consider Erikson to be an ego psychologists. That claim comes from one of Erikson’s main elements of the psychosocial stage theory being the ego identity. As defined Ego identity is the cognizant sense of self that we develop through social interaction. Erikson believed that personality develops in a series of stages. Erikson 's theory defines the impact of social experience across the whole lifespan. Erikson 's alleged conflicts are arranged to ripen a psych...


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...lained very differently. All three developmental psychologist Freud, Piaget and Erikson have stage theories. All three explain how a person must go through a set of stages and cannot skip any particular stage. The difference between the fixed stages is that in Piaget’s final stage you reach the final stage around eleven years old, in Erikson’s stages you reach the final stage around fifty five years old and in Freud’s you live in the final stage for the rest of your life trying to find a balance. Besides the similarities in ages in the first stage, during the sensorimotor stage Piaget says “children learn to move and function their bodies”, and Erickson describes how “a child learns to trust his environment and how this helps a child to grow personally”. Piaget and Erickson both stress the significance of reflexes and intuitive behavior during the first years of life.

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