Erik Erickson was an ego psychologist who emphasized the role of culture and society and the conflicts that can take place within the ego. He developed a theory of psychosocial stages where he believed a crisis occurs at each of the eight stages of development. Erik Erikson was influenced by Sigmund Freud, who emphasized the conflict between the id and the superego, but unlike Freud, Erikson believed that the ego develops as a result of successfully resolving crises in eight distinct stages that expand a lifetime. Successful completion of each stage results in a healthy ego, however, failure to complete each stage results in an unhealthy view of one’s self. “Erik Erikson maintained that personality develops in a predetermined order, and builds upon each previous stage. This is called the epigenetic principle.” Erikson’s theory of the eight psychosocial stages consists of trust versus mistrust, autonomy versus shame, initiative versus guilt, industry versus inferiority, ego identity versus role confusion, intimacy versus isolation, generativity versus stagnation and ego integrity versus despair. Erikson believed that there was always room for continued growth and development throughout one’s life, and he emphasized the adolescent period as a crucial stage for developing a person’s identity. Industry versus inferiority is the fourth stage of Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development and occurs between the vital adolescent ages of six and twelve. During this stage, school and social interaction play an important role as well as the child starts to perform more complex tasks. Mastering new skills is relevant during this stage and this is when teachers, parents, peers and r...
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...develop the right balance of industry and inferiority. I feel that I successfully resolved the stage four crisis’s of Erikson’s psychosocial theory because I am mostly industrious with a touch of inferiority to keep me somewhat sensibly humble. My thoughts on Erikson’s Pyschosocial Development Theory is that he was correct in proposing that humans egos develop as a result of successfully resolving crisis’s in each of the eight stages. His lifespan model of development was interesting to read about and I could identify with the first five stages. However, while researching Erikson I feel he was not clear on the causes of development or how people will successfully resolve each crisis during the eight developmental stages. All things considered I think that Erikson’s Psychosocial Development Theory is an accurate view of human social and emotional development.
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