Theorists have expanded our knowledge of psychology, influenced one another to broaden, and built upon each other’s theories to develop their own. One theorist who has built upon previous theorists was Erik Erikson. Erikson developed an eight-stage theory of identity and psychosocial development, which has countless strengths and weaknesses.
Erik Erikson was influenced by Freud and his concept of the ego. Erikson observed the impact of external factors on personality from not just childhood, but throughout the entire lifetime. He developed eight stages, which are split into different age brackets. As an individual passes through these stages, they must successfully complete the crisis to move forward onto the next one.
According to Erikson, there exist eight stages. The first stage is trust vs mistrust from birth to 18 months old (infant). The major crisis that infants deal with is touch and visual contact with their parents to feel confidence and security. If they do not, they will feel worthless and insecure. The second stage is autonomy vs shame from 18 months to 3 years (toddler). The major crisis at this stage is building self-esteem and pride in oneself while learning new skills. If they do not succeed, they will feel shame and vulnerable to learning new skills. The third stage is initiative vs guilt from (preschooler). A child must learn to imaginative play and explore the world, leading to finding their purpose. Failure subsequently leads to a sense of guilt if they remain exerting too much power. The fourth stage is industry vs inferiority (school age). This stage involves gaining new knowledge creating a sense of industry. If unresolved issues of inadequacy and inferiority occur, then problems wit...
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...hese are unlimited examples of both strength and weaknesses.
Apply Theory to Applied Behavior Analysis
In the Applied Behavior Analysis field, countless individuals can be helped using ABA techniques and psychological theories. My client is a 41-year-old man, who just went through a divorce, lost his job, and is now rebuilding his life. He is dealing with the loss of seeing his two children on a constant basis. He is now dealing with thoughts of failure, not fitting into any place in society, and isolation.
While looking at Erikson’s psychosocial theory, I can address this client multiple issues with the stages intimacy vs isolation and generativity vs stagnation. Since he is newly divorced, it can be stated that during young adulthood his intimacy issues began with his wife, which drove to the isolation feelings and divorce. He now has to begin over dealing with
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