The first stage of Erikson’s psychosocial theory is trust versus mistrust, which occurs during the first year of life. Erikson believed that this is when infants build trust towards their parents and/or caretakers to care for their basic needs. The primary caretakers nurturing abilities are put to the test in terms caring for the infant. This stage is very important in helping the infant develop trust and security. This trust will play into later stages of development and can influence infants’ confidence and outlook on life, such as optimism or pessimism. If the infant does not experience trust, they can develop unhealthy relationships due to mistrust of others, become insecure, and/or have feelings of unworthiness (Learning Theories, 2015).
During this stage of life, infants also learn how to c...
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...ren beyond their families. Parents are no longer the only significant relationship in children’s lives, as peers, teachers, and neighbors relationships gain importance at this stage. Children have a strong sense to belong. If children experience unresolved feelings of inadequacy and inferiority among peers, problems in the development of their self-esteem and self-worth can arise (Learning Theories, 2015).
Emotional development significantly changes for children. Younger children under the age of 6 understand emotions in a less complex matter. Children in middle and late childhood, begin to gain a better understanding of emotions and have more complex interpretations. That individuals react differently to situations based on their personality. Comprehension that people experience, express, and control their emotions in various ways becomes apparent. (Vitulic, 2009).
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