Erik Erikson 's Theory Of Human Development Essay

Erik Erikson 's Theory Of Human Development Essay

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There are many theories that help explain the journey of human development. Theorists, such as Sigmund Freud, Erik Erikson, Jean Piaget, and Lawrence Kohlberg, are among the most renowned theorists in identifying the different stages of human development from a cognitive, social, and emotional perspective. This paper is aimed at the works of Erik Erikson’s view on human development. Erikson’s psychosocial theory emphasized the impact of society and culture in an individual’s development. His psychosocial theory encompasses eight distinct stages of development (Matthews, In Class Discussion, September 2, 2015). He believed that individuals must find their own sense of regulation as a result of the interplay urges of the individual, and the nature of social influences. At each stage, individuals learn to handle new instincts and ways of understanding the self as well as others, to create a balanced sense of self-regulation (Batra, 2013).
The first stage of Erikson’s psychosocial theory is trust versus mistrust, which occurs during the first year of life. Erikson believed that this is when infants build trust towards their parents and/or caretakers to care for their basic needs. The primary caretakers nurturing abilities are put to the test in terms caring for the infant. This stage is very important in helping the infant develop trust and security. This trust will play into later stages of development and can influence infants’ confidence and outlook on life, such as optimism or pessimism. If the infant does not experience trust, they can develop unhealthy relationships due to mistrust of others, become insecure, and/or have feelings of unworthiness (Learning Theories, 2015).
During this stage of life, infants also learn how to c...

... middle of paper ... beyond their families. Parents are no longer the only significant relationship in children’s lives, as peers, teachers, and neighbors relationships gain importance at this stage. Children have a strong sense to belong. If children experience unresolved feelings of inadequacy and inferiority among peers, problems in the development of their self-esteem and self-worth can arise (Learning Theories, 2015).
Emotional development significantly changes for children. Younger children under the age of 6 understand emotions in a less complex matter. Children in middle and late childhood, begin to gain a better understanding of emotions and have more complex interpretations. That individuals react differently to situations based on their personality. Comprehension that people experience, express, and control their emotions in various ways becomes apparent. (Vitulic, 2009).

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