Erik Erikson and Post-Freudian Theory Essay

Erik Erikson and Post-Freudian Theory Essay

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Erik Erikson was born in 1902 near Frankfort, Germany to an unmarried Jewish mother. He was raised in an artists colony by his mother and eventually he would have his pediatrician as a stepfather, however, Erikson would seek his biological father’s identity throughout his life. (Capps, Mother, melancholia, and humor in Erik H. Erikson's earliest writings, 2008). In 1929, Erikson began psychoanalysis with Anna Freud and in 1933, he and his wife and children emigrated first to Denmark and then to the United States (Capps, Mother, melancholia, and humor in Erik H. Erikson's earliest writings, 2008). In the United States, Erikson would change jobs many times, taking research positions at Massachusetts General Hospital and at the Harvard Medical School, as well as a position at Yale and at the University of California at Berkeley. He also lived among and studied the Sioux nation in South Dakota.
Erik Erikson was best known for his eight-stage theory of psychosocial development. His theory developed out of, and elaborated upon, Freud’s early theories in the development stages of life. Where Freud’s theory had only three stages of life, beginning with the first 4-5 years in the infantile period and having the latency period from around 5-years of age until puberty and a final stage of the genital period from puberty until the end of one’s life; Erikson developed a theory that included eight stages of development ranging from infancy to old age but including the early childhood, play age, school age, adolescence, young adulthood and full adulthood (Feist & Feist, 2009).
Erik Erikson thought of himself as a Freudian psychoanalyst, however, his theory differed somewhat from Freud’s. (Hoare, 2009). Erikson’s theory differed from Freud’...


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...nal of Religious Ethics, 249-266. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/40017730
Douvan, E. (1997). Erik Erikson: Critical times, critical theory. Child Psychiatry and Human Developmen, 15-21.
Feist, J., & Feist, G. J. (2009). Theories of personality (7th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.
Hoare, C. (2009). Identity and spiritual development in the papers of Erik Erikson. Identity: An International Journal of Theory and Research, 183-200. doi:10.1080/15283480903344497
Piediscalzi, N. (1973). Erik H. Erikson's contribution to ethics. Journal of Religion and Health, 169-180. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/27505171
Pittman, J. F., Keily, M. K., Kerpelman, J. L., & Vaughn, B. E. (2011). Attachment, identity, and intimacy: Parallels between Bowlby's and Erikson's Paradigms. Journal of Family Theory and Review, 32-46. doi:10.1111/j.1756-2589.2010.00079.x

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