The territory of the European Union (EU) hosts roughly 500 million people. Are they all equal in their rights? Definitely not. One of legal dividing lines lies between the nationals of EU Member States (Citizen) and third-country nationals (TCNs) whose citizenship belongs to a non-EU country. Nationality therefore does matter in EU law: it confers different statuses.
The paper compares the two separate legal regimes that are applicable to EU citizens and TCNs respectively. Due to the narrow scope of this essay, the analytical focus adopted here is under four major limitations. First, legal migrants coming from outside the EU constitute several different categories (for instance, economic migration, family reunion or migration of students, pupils, trainees, and volunteers) in EU law, which is even more complex because of privileged TCNs who gain their status from special arrangements between their own country and the EU, furthermore Schengen visa requirements mean additional classification along a different dimension. The essay deals only with non-privileged long-term residents (LTRs) as defined by the Council Directive 2003/109/EC concerning the status of third-country nationals who are long-term residents (LTRs Directive) . Second, both EU citizens’ and LTRs’ rights comprise several dimensions (for example, access to employment, family reunification or social grants) but this study is mainly focused on their entitlements to move and reside within the territory of the EU. Third, the main concern of this paper is restrictions to the previously mentioned rights of both categories of persons. Fourth, the family members neither of Citizens nor TCNs are not part of the main body of this analysis.
Subsequently, the e...
... middle of paper ...
...and citizenship tests in several countries as a new way of selecting immigrants. Shift away from viewing integration as a positive social measure and towards predominantly viewing it as a repressive immigration measure can be noticed.
1. Anton-Mathew-Morgan. In R.
2. Aust. In R.
3. Byers-Chesterman. In R.
4. Cassese. In R.
5. Crawford-Olleson. In R.
6. Evans. In R.
7. Fitzmaurice. In R.
8. Franca’s presentation.
9. Freestone-Salman. In R.
12. Openheim. In R.
13. Rio Declaration
14. Sands. In R.
15. Slide on ’The nine pillars of the common heritage of mankind’.
16. Slides on ’History’
17. Slides on ‘Climate Change’
18. Tuerk. In R.
19. UN Charter
20. UNHCR. In R.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Our country is one that prides itself on its equality for all people regardless of gender or race, this is the basic foundation on which this country was built and a major separating factor between the US and other countries. I think it is reasonable to assume, that the vast majority of citizens in this country find this to be both an admirable and desirable trait, and would indeed advocate any measures taken to ensure equality for all. That being said as a college athlete and one who went through the process of talking to coaches about scholarships and the limited funds available for them, I have come to question whether the infamous Title IX, while well meaning in its development, is in fa... [tags: Title IX, equality, feminism, ]
1632 words (4.7 pages)
Envision Equality in John Dewey’s Creative Democracy and Jane Mansbridge’s Using Power/Fighting Power
- How should we live as citizens. In evaluating this question we must refer to the ideas offered by John Dewey’s “Creative Democracy” and Jane Mansbridge’s “Using Power/Fighting Power”. These publications, both, wish to achieve the same goal, which is equality, for it is of utmost importance to preserve the democratic way of life. Dewey and Mansbridge both speak of the way in which we ought to live as citizens to be able to achieve equality. Dewey believes that as citizens we should envision the idea of Amicable Cooperation or be able to deliberate on issues to reach our goals.... [tags: citizens, society, political mechanism]
1168 words (3.3 pages)
- The right to vote for non-citizens has become an increasingly controversial topic due to the strong and often divisive opinions of permanent Canadian residents. The capacity to vote is one of the most important and valued freedoms granted to individuals. Although the acceptance of non-citizen resident voting is frequently encouraged in order to propel self-governing justice and immigrant inclusion, opponents claim that it is in a nation’s best interest to delay voting rights to non-citizens. According to this claim, by preserving voting rights to citizens, non-citizens would have the social responsibility to actively learn the essential community services and self-ruled obligations necessary... [tags: politics, canadian residents, vote]
1475 words (4.2 pages)
- Everyday someone is sent to the hospital. Not only are they in fear of losing their life but also in fear of being in debt due to the prices of health care treatment they need. But what if this patient happens to be an illegal immigrant. Should doctors deny him/her because they lack citizenship. Or should illegal immigrants be treated just like any other patients by having a right to health care. Throughout the past decade restrictions on eligibility for taxpayer-subsidized medical care has risen at both the state and national level.... [tags: Legal Issues, Immigration Reform]
1462 words (4.2 pages)
- Over the past few years, a debate has emerged on whether or not the United States of America should provide free college education for its citizens. This topic is very controversial; however, the issues that some people see in free higher education actually have solutions, and the benefits of free college clearly outweigh its risks. If college became fee, an economic class gap would be closed in education. In other words, free college would promote equality between the poor and the wealthy. This statement seems unreasonable, but there is logic behind it.... [tags: Higher education, College, Community college]
1145 words (3.3 pages)
- Citizenship is being a part of a community in which all members have rights and obligations (Fleury, 2010). T.H Marshall in his 1949 lecture ‘citizenship and social class’ suggested that all citizens of a welfare state would have equal social status, being able to fully participate in the market economy, democracy and overall society (Dean & Melrose, 1999). When I think of my experiences of living in multiple welfare states (the UK, Sweden and the Netherlands), I never felt that every citizen had equal opportunities, there were always those who were excluded society.... [tags: Sociology, Social class, Law, Denmark]
1090 words (3.1 pages)
- Gender equality is often ignored in many non-western cultures, but lately has been less overlooked. Women in non-western countries often do not have political, social, educational, or economic status. Recently the fight for gender equality in Middle Eastern countries has grown with the support and knowledge from western countries, such as the United States and Canada. In Canada, men and women are foreseen as equal, and no gender possess power over the other. Many Middle Eastern countries tend to praise their men, and belittle women and their rights to freedom of speech.... [tags: Western culture, Sociology, Culture, Orientalism]
730 words (2.1 pages)
- The Canadian courts exhibit certain characteristics in their everyday operations of administering justice to the citizens. They function on an adversarial system, where opposing views from contesting lawyers in given cases are pitted against each other and decisions made based on the strength of these arguments (Boyd 147). In addition, the courts are accessible and open to the public during hearings; individuals are allowed to attend court sessions, observe the proceedings, and listen to the final verdict (Boyd 148).... [tags: Law, Judge, Gender, Lawyer]
1135 words (3.2 pages)
- Equality in America Equality is something Americans strive to provide and maintain. It has become an integral and necessary part of our mosaic culture. Even now to the point that when people think of America, they naturally think of freedom and equality. People of many different races, disabilities and creeds have come to the United States seeking the impartiality upon which this country was founded. The institutions of this country have relied upon it, just as it was the created by the events in the laying of moral foundations.... [tags: Papers]
889 words (2.5 pages)
- Blacks' Attempt To Achieve Equality The second amendment of the Constitution guarantees the right of American citizens “to bear arms shall not be infringed” by the United States government (2nd Amendment). Robert Williams understood how significant this right was to the protection of Black lives which were targets of racism and violence. He advocated the use of violence as a means of self defense and organized local blacks into a “rifle club with a charter from the National Rifle Association” (60).... [tags: United States History Historical Essays]
826 words (2.4 pages)