Equality: Equal Opportunities Essay

Equality: Equal Opportunities Essay

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We, human beings, have formed a society based on certain rules that govern our actions and behavior. We share mutual resources and while building up our lives we commit innumerate amount of decisions everyday that lead us to differing paths. Some of us are more successful than others due to various reasons. Many people question whether the success someone has experienced is due to hard work and entitlement or simple luck. Success itself is a vague concept and has its own connotations for everyone. It may mean love, power, resources or anything else. A centuries old debate for societies has been whether the ‘success’ is distributed fairly across its members. If it is due to luck, then why is person A more privileged than person B who would result unhappy. Person A obviously replies that he/she is worth it and has worked hard for the followed success. Person B, on the other hand, is unsatisfied because he sees that he was not at the right place at the right time when the ‘success’ happened demanding a compensation, in other words, equality.
It is hard to find anyone who would oppose the notion of equality. The difficulty arrives when questions such as ‘equality between whom’ and ‘equality of what’ arise with diverging opinions. (Baker, Lynch, Cantillon, & Walsh, 2004). In political ideologies debate, we may identify the two main approaches to equality. Liberals advocate the equality of opportunity such that every member of society should be allowed to have a same starting position in order to equally compete for the advantage. Socialists, quite the contrary, claim that a civilization is about the equality of outcomes and that citizens of one community should eventually have similar living standards or access to resources without big...

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...et al., 2004) In this essay we have worked through the popular concepts of equal opportunity and equal outcomes seeing that neither of them is enough once we idealize of an egalitarian society. Equality of condition can also be seen as insufficiently precise but it is a step further towards a ideal society that is worth living in for all citizens.

Works Cited

Arneson, R. (2002, October 8). Equality of Opportunity. In Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/equal-opportunity/#7
Baker, J., Lynch, K., Cantillon, S., & Walsh, J. (2004). Dimensions of Equality: A Framework for Theory and Action. In Equality: From Theory to Action (pp. 21–47). Hampshire: Palgrave MacMillan.
Phillips, A. (2004). Defending equality of outcome. London: LSE Research Online. Retrieved from http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/533/1/equality_of_outcome.pdf

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