The Equal Or Unequal Sin Of Adam And Eve Essay

The Equal Or Unequal Sin Of Adam And Eve Essay

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In the debate titled Of the Equal or Unequal Sin of Adam and Eve, two authors; Isotta Nogarola and Ludovico Foscarini, argue about the original sin committed by Adam and Eve. Nogarola first states that Eve lacked a sense and constancy and that she therefore sinned less than Adam did. In her case the serpent thought of Adam as invulnerable due to his constancy. God created Adam to have unchanged opinions and state of mind, in order to avoid falling into the serpent’s persuasion, however Eve’s vulnerability led her to a severe sin. God found Adam guilty for the sin because he esteemed man more highly than woman and led his command towards Adam to not eat the fruit from the tree. Weak and inclined to indulge on the fruit, Nogarola claims, Eve had no power to avoid the pleasure. However, if Adam had not eaten the fruit that Eve gave him, her sin would have had no consequences. Nogarola believes in general Adam faced larger punishment than Eve. God had commanded to Adam, “to dust you shall return,” (Bartlett, 91) which means Adam has a greater chance of death.
Ludovico Foscarini believes Eve’s sin should be condemned more than Adam’s. He claims that Eve suffered a harsher punishment, believed she resembled God, and caused Adam’s sin. According to Foscarini, Eve sinned from ignorance and inconstancy. He backs up his argument by stating Eve is not excused because of her ignorance and is more knowledgeable than given credit, since God created her. Foscarini says that in the Bible, the serpent approached Eve with a question rather than through persuasion, meaning Eve simply answered a question and unknowingly fell into a trap. Although Adam was assigned to protect her, Eve is not off the hook. Eve’s pride caused the sin, since the devil...


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...e as his target. Masolino represents this by having the serpent on Eve’s side looking down on her. Before the sin, Adam and Eve had no shame about their nudity as Mosolino shows. In Masaccio’s fresco he depicts Adam and Eve after they have sinned. Masaccio shows Eve more emotional than Adam, as he depicts Eve’s face in pure agony resembling her harsher punishment. Ludovico Foscarini states Eve’s punishment included being exiled from the Garden of Eden, harsh labor, pain during child birth and death. Masolino depicts an angel with a sword hanging over Adam and Eve to represent the looming of death. Through their sin Adam and Eve became ashamed of their nudity and try to cover themselves. Masolino expresses this by showing Eve covering her breasts and genitals. Both artist display the work beautifully to show the debate between Isotta Nogarola and Ludovico Foscarini.

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