The Epidemiology Of Tuberculosis ( Tb ) Essay

The Epidemiology Of Tuberculosis ( Tb ) Essay

Length: 1494 words (4.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Epidemiology of Tuberculosis
World travel has become more commonplace and people are no longer destined to remain on a single continent. Travel’s ease and affordability has made the spread of disease easier. One of those diseases that is spread worldwide is tuberculosis (TB).
Description of Tuberculosis
Since ancient times Tuberculosis has been present, also known as Consumption. Despite current advanced medical screenings, diagnostics, and treatment methods, approximately one-third of the world’s population has been exposed and is infected with the organism (Mandal, 2014, para. 2). Becoming infected with TB usually occurs following close proximity with an infected person for a lengthy period of time.
Causes
Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by an infectious bacteria known as Mycobacterium tuberculosis. M. tuberculosis is a rod-shaped slow growing bacteria that is hydrophobic. It was first isolated in 1882 by Robert Koch and identified as an infectious disease (Mandal, 2014, para. 8).
Symptoms
In active TB, any, all, or none of the following symptoms may be present: persistent cough, fatigue, weight loss, decreased appetite, fever, hemoptysis, and night sweats. In latent tuberculosis infections, the patient is not contagious and cannot spread the bacteria. Latent TB infection occurs when there is exposure but an immune response occurs which manages the bacteria by walling it off and causing it to be dormant in the body. If a LTBI is treated at this stage, a subsequent active TB infection can be prevented (Murphy & Bernardo, 2013, para. 5).

Mode of Transmission
Tuberculosis is transmitted via droplet contact, when someone with an active TB coughs, sneezes, talks, or laughs, very small droplets of saliva or mucous are expelled...


... middle of paper ...


...reatment regimen directly observed by a community health worker for at least the first two months. Other TB objectives of WHO include high-quality care for all with TB, reduce suffering and socioeconomic burden associated with TB, protecting vulnerable populations from TB, TB/HIV and multidrug-resistant TB, and to protect and promote human rights in TB prevention, care and control (WHO, 2015c).
Conclusion
Worldwide tuberculosis deaths each year are second only to HIV in number. There is an estimated need for eight million dollars annually to fund a full response to TB in low and middle income countries. More than fifty companies are involved in the development of improved TB diagnostics and there are fifteen vaccines currently in trials (World Health Organization Press [WHO Press], 2014). While the number of TB cases is decreasing, there is more work to be done.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Symptoms and Epidemiology of Tuberculosis Essay

- Abstract: Since one third of the world's population is infected with the bacteria of Tuberculosis, many people would like to know if they are being infected. This is why it is important to know the symptoms and epidemiology. Once people are informed and educated, they will know how to take care of themselves in order to prevent this disease to infect them. This paper will basically talk about who is vulnerable to this disease and what the symptoms are. Furthermore, it will have some studies and quotes....   [tags: Essays on TB]

Free Essays
922 words (2.6 pages)

Tuberculosis : An Infectious Disease Essay

- Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Infectious Disease – The Never-ending Threat). It is acquired by inhalation and is spreadable. The City of Toronto in accordance with Toronto Public Health have in place different specialty teams in regards to Tuberculosis (TB) who work together to provide support for individuals with TB as well as their families and to help prevent the spread of TB in Toronto (City of Toronto). Specifically, Toronto Public Health has a designated homeless and corrections team who manage TB disease and infection within the homeless/under-housed and corrections populations....   [tags: Tuberculosis, Infectious disease, Epidemiology]

Better Essays
1374 words (3.9 pages)

Jeffrey P. Koplan 's The Field Of Public Health Essay example

- Section One: Jeffrey P. Koplan (477 words) One of the main characters, Jeffrey P. Koplan, is an epidemiologist in Maryn McKenna’s book that can be directly related to the field of public health. This character functions to describe the kind of epidemiologic activities involved in the study of disease and in the evaluation of processes used to stop the spread of infection. Jeffrey P. Koplan, a well-educated physician and a rather interesting looking man from Massachusetts who is tall and pale, with blonde hair and a red beard, began his work as an Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS) officer at the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 1972....   [tags: Epidemiology, Infectious disease, Tuberculosis]

Better Essays
1802 words (5.1 pages)

Hiv And The Vulnerable Populations Essay

- The vulnerable populations studied are immigrants primarily Hispanic and Latinos with tuberculosis. The goal is to teach immigrants on how to prevent the spreading of TB and how to prevent the disease. An estimated one third of the world 's population is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. In 2012 there were 9,975 cases of TB reported and of those cases 28% where Hispanic or Latino. This respiratory disease is the most common in the lungs (World Health Organization, 2014). The brain which causes tuberculosis meningitis, genitourinary TB, gastrointestinal TB, tuberculosis lymphadenitis, cutaneous TB, uterus ovarian TB and Osteo- articular skeletal bone and joints are also parts of the b...   [tags: Tuberculosis, Epidemiology, United States]

Better Essays
1534 words (4.4 pages)

A Study On Physical Health Essay examples

- McCann1 There are many things that will affect you in prison. I’m going to give you several facts about how it will. My first topic is physical health. At the time of prison release, one half of men and two thirds of women reported having been diagnosed with a chronic physical health condition. Physical health status was assessed by asking respondents to note those conditions that a doctor or nurse had diagnosed them with. Table 3 shows full range of conditions that respondents were asked about their self-reported rates of illness for comparison purpose, these are displayed alongside national prevalence estimates for correctional populations developed by the National Commission on C...   [tags: Tuberculosis, Epidemiology, Medicine]

Better Essays
1104 words (3.2 pages)

Globalization And The Spread Of Diseases Essay

- Globalization and the Spread of Diseases In this era of globalization, the world will continue to experience an accelerated, movement of people, manufactured goods and food. I do not believe that global travel, the interminable flow of food and manufactured goods should be reduced. The positive aspects supersede the negatives and have proven to be very viable to the world’s most vulnerable. Even though such mass movement facilitate the increased risks of both global local diseases, it is also clearly noted that more hunger is staved, sustainable jobs in manufacture are assured, and more people can experience the world for leisure, business simply reuniting families....   [tags: Tuberculosis, Epidemiology, Starvation]

Better Essays
741 words (2.1 pages)

Epidemiology in The Book Public Health Medicine for the Tropics by Lucas and Gilles

- EPIDEMIOLOGY OF THREE COMMUNICABLE DISEASES IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA Introduction In the book Public Health Medicine for the Tropics, Lucas and Gilles (2003) states that the term ‘epidemiology’ which originally meant ‘the study of epidemics’ employed techniques that were used in the study and control of epidemics but have now been usefully employed to include ‘study of non-communicable diseases and accidents’, ‘study of distribution of disease in human population’, ‘study of patterns of disease’ as well as ‘search for determinants of disease’....   [tags: sub-saharan africa, communicable disease]

Better Essays
3260 words (9.3 pages)

The Problem of Badger Control in Great Britain Essay

- ... A government project called the Randomised Badger Culling Trial generated evidence that culling badgers on a yearly basis reduced the frequency of tuberculosis found in cattle herds to about a half (Jenkins et al., 2010). This was significant because according to the principle of basic epidemiology a slight decrease in transmission rate could in turn have large benefits (Woolhouse and Wood, 2013). Moreover, as bovine tuberculosis has a long incubation period it makes culling of badgers favourable....   [tags: tuberculosis, culling, cattle ]

Free Essays
878 words (2.5 pages)

Essay on Aids Prevention Organization : Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

- Aids Prevention Organization Name: Abdulaziz Almezaiel Aids Prevention Organization Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome is caused by the HIV. The first cases of AIDS were reported in 1981 and since then AIDS has develop into one of the world’s most grave health as well as development challenges (UNAIDS. 2011). According to UNAID, currently “ there are about 35 million people who have HIV while tens of millions have died of infections related to AIDS ever since the start of the endemic” (UNAIDS....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Tuberculosis, Antiretroviral drug]

Better Essays
2327 words (6.6 pages)

The Importance Of A Master 's Degree From The School Of Public Health At The University Of Saskatchewan

- Born and raised in Bangladesh, my interest in medicine came from a desire to help all the people in my country, who are suffering due to a lack of proper health care. After completing my Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery ( M.B.B.S) from Bangladesh Medical College, my interest in aiding those in need through medicine has developed into a passion. I believe that a master 's degree from the school of public health at the University of Saskatchewan will allow me to acquire all the skill and knowledge needed to propel me into my desired career in public health....   [tags: Epidemiology, Medicine, Health economics]

Better Essays
824 words (2.4 pages)