The Epidemic Of Sub Sahara Region Essays

The Epidemic Of Sub Sahara Region Essays

Length: 819 words (2.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

• Sub-Sahara region has the most occurrences of the HIV virus in the world with 24.7 milllion people living with the virus. The main mode that the virus is transmitted in that area is through heterosexual contact.

2)

• Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NNRTIs), inhibit the enzyme reverse transcriptase from converting the viral RNA genome into a double stranded viral DNA (Salkind, 2005). This will prevent the DNA from being incorporated in the host cell’s DNA. This occurs in step two of the HIV life cycle (Salkind, 2005).
• Protease inhibitors interferes with the enzyme HIV protease with is involved in cutting the viral proteins into smaller pieces in step five of the HIV cycle (Salkind,2005). It does this by blocking the protease which prevents the cell from becoming a mature HIV cell and effecting other CD4 cells (Salkind,2005).
• Fusion inhibitors block the HIV virus from entering the CD4 cell in step one of the HIV life cycle. It does this by attaching itself to the projectile known as gp41 and prevent the virus from changing shape (Salkind, 2005).


3)
• Acute stage: last between 1- 2 weeks where flue like symptoms will appear such as fever, sore throat, chills, etc. During this stage the virus travels up the lymph node where it continuously replicates itself and then relocates itself in the bloodstream thus giving the individually a high h viral load (Van Dyk, 2008). Most individually will produce antibodies after three months of being infected with the virus therefore individuals will not test positive on the HIV antibody test (Van Dyk, 2008).
• Asymptomatic Stage: The person infected will feel well with no symptoms of the virus for long periods of time, the only indication that the person the person is in...


... middle of paper ...


...ipheral nerves or destroyed peripheral nerves it often causes weakness, numbness and pain (Davis, & Buskist, 2008).


6)
• Heterosexual contact where one person is infected and transmits the virus to their partner. This a major concern in underdeveloped countries and must be prevented. One way to prevent the transmission is to have both individuals take the HIV antibody test or the use of condoms
• Junkies share needles amongst each other which can transmit the virus through the blood contaminated syringe when individuals share the same syringe. To prevent this from happening more exchange programs can be facilitated in areas where drug use is high

7)
• Researchers have found that some people contain the mutation delta32 in the protein known as CCD5 which inhibits the receptor from binding with the HIV virus. (Hutter, Bluthgen, Neumann, Nowak, & Klüter, 2013).

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about Developing Sub Saharan Africa

- ... In order for Sub Saharan to stabilize their flourishing population, they must enforce the need to slow down birth rates. To achieve this goal, couples must have easy access to a wide range of contraceptive methods (Bridge). In addition to reducing fertility, the use of family planning also has a direct and positive impact on reducing maternal deaths as well as preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV. For the two past decades, Sub Saharan Africa has become synonymous for the spread of HIV and AIDS....   [tags: world´s poorest country, illiteracy rate, hiv]

Better Essays
1153 words (3.3 pages)

Forming Public Policy on AIDS epidemic in Sub-Saharan Africa Essay

- Jarrod Stafford Government 9 A.M. Forming Public Policy on AIDS epidemic in Sub-Saharan Africa Strengths of Current Policy • 15 billion dollars of aid over 5 years • Bring African AIDS epidemic to forefront • Dispersing resources quickly • Using new approaches and leadership model • Employing evidence-based decisions • Demanding accountability for results Weaknesses of Current Policy • Not attacking root causes of problem • Waited many years to act effectively Opportunities • Drug testing • Drug market • Showing long term good will around world • Increase influence in government and economy....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
1759 words (5 pages)

Essay about Sub-Saharan Africa and The Challenge of Food Security

- Food is a necessity for meaningful living and as such an important element for the survival of any living thing. Sub-Saharan Africa as it is today is a vital section of the African continent covering the entire region south of the Sahara spanning through western, eastern, and southern Africa. The region had experienced series of neck-breaking incidents that threatened the survival of some of her people at different times in the past few decades. Even now, this region still confronts series of challenges ranging from civil unrest in Ivory Coast and occasionally, some parts of Nigeria, war in Sudan and Somalia, and an epidemic in Zimbabwe....   [tags: Health]

Better Essays
1024 words (2.9 pages)

HIV and AIDS: The Epidemic Essay

- HIV and AIDS have affected millions of people throughout the world. Since 1981, there have been 25 million deaths due to AIDS involving men, women, and children. Presently there are 40 million people living with HIV and AIDS around the world and two million die each year from AIDS related illnesses. The Center for Disease Control estimates that one-third of the one million Americans living with HIV are not aware that they have it. The earliest known case of HIV was in 1959. It was discovered in a blood sample from a man in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo....   [tags: Disease ]

Better Essays
1638 words (4.7 pages)

Essay on South African and the International Politics in sub-Saharan Africa

- In sub-Sahara Africa, previous U.S. Presidential administrations of 1996 and the 2000 era realized the importance of investing. Together Clinton and Bush provided millions and billions of dollars towards operations in aid, construction, conflict resolution, and political intervention (Braithwaite, 2014). Critics of the current administration say that the current President has not done enough investing in the African regions because Obama has made contact with a minimal three countries. Current policies are weak because only privatized small individual holders have access to open markets, while superpowers like China currently are trading 2 billion in capital....   [tags: sub sahara africa, south africa, africans]

Better Essays
917 words (2.6 pages)

The Poverty Of Sub Saharan Africa Essay

- The youth population in Sub-Saharan Africa is increasing rapidly. Nearly one in three people living in the region, or about 297 million, are between the ages of 10 and 24. The population of Sub-Saharan Africa has over 56 million people aged between 15 to 24, who have not yet completed primary school, and require many alternatives to be able to gain employment to survive. Youth unemployment remains a barrier to the region 's development. Some of the highest rates on the continent are in southern Africa, where 51% of young women and 43% of young men are unemployed (The World’s Youth, 2013)....   [tags: Africa, Education, Sub-Saharan Africa]

Better Essays
2222 words (6.3 pages)

AIDS in Africa Essay

- Africa’s AIDS Epidemic Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) has become an epidemic for many underdeveloped regions. Although it does exist in the developed nations, it is more prevalent in places like South America, Asia, the island countries and most heavily of all Africa. There are many aspects to the problem of AIDS in Africa. Public health departments lack the resources to treat patients properly and to control the epidemic through education. Thirty-three million people have AIDS in the world....   [tags: HIV Disease Epidemic]

Free Essays
1046 words (3 pages)

The Problem Of Sub Saharan Africa Essay

- Despite the improvements within the last decade the vast majority of sub-Saharan Africa remains corrupt. Corruption is a complex phenomenon. The inability for the country as a whole to solve their own issues is indeed the reason the country till this day is considered a developing nation. But as much as sub-Saharan is said to be ethical, stats and numbers illustrate many forms of corruption. Corruption within the country’s policies, bureaucratic traditions, political development, and social history....   [tags: Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Political corruption]

Better Essays
2249 words (6.4 pages)

Essay on Women And Women During Sub Saharan Africa

- Men and women in Sub-Saharan Africa are unintentionally perpetuating disadvantaging situations by remaining ignorant to women’s education and restraining them from participating in their local economies. They were raised in a society that institutionally disadvantages women and that relies heavily on tradition. From the laws of the land to the culture that permeates the lives of Sub-Saharan denizens, women are not seen as productive members of the economy. These beliefs subjugate women from proper education, and the lack of education thereby reinforces the notion that women are unfit to take part in business....   [tags: Africa, Education, Sub-Saharan Africa, Sahara]

Better Essays
1228 words (3.5 pages)

Essay on South African and the International Politics in sub-Saharan Africa

- The global network of super powers has claimed many regions through human security, political actions, and economic development. One of the largest landscapes is that of sub-Saharan Africa, in which 50 plus countries make up the geographical landscape (Library of Congress, 2010). In consideration of the long history of changing powers and the colonization of the different countries by Dutch, French, and British influences giving up power after WWII; the prospect of democracy for the sub-Saharan African countries is an ongoing battle (Braithwaite, 2014)....   [tags: political change, south africa, sub-saharan]

Better Essays
1740 words (5 pages)