Essay on The Epidemic Of Hiv And Aids

Essay on The Epidemic Of Hiv And Aids

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HIV quickly became a deadly disease once it was identified as a new virus by scientists in the early 1980s. HIV is the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, and AIDS is the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (What). AIDS is the final stage of the HIV infection, but some people do not even advance to this stage of the disease (What). Even though HIV and AIDS was initially thought to be a disease that would kill all victims, medical advancements have changed the perception of HIV/AIDS as a treatable and potentially even curable disease.
AIDS was first discovered in 1981, when doctors in New York discovered an outbreak of a rare cancer, Kaposi sarcoma, in homosexual men (Dude). Along with this, doctors in Los Angeles identified five cases of homosexual men having an unusual type of pneumonia (Dude). The doctors were shocked because only extremely immunosuppressed patients had this rare type of pneumonia,which was called Pneumocystis carinii (Dude). At this point, doctors identified all of these cases as AIDS, instead of the HIV virus (Judd 4). The doctors wereEach of these cases only happened in homosexual men, which made them wonder why this was the case (Dude). Many people thought that AIDS was only common in large cities, but it was shown that the deaths were in both small and large cities (Heartland). In 1999, a team of researchers discovered that chimpanzees were in fact the source of the virus (Judd 4). The researches suspected that the virus was consumed by the animal meat (Europe). The virus they had found in the animals was very similar to HIV in humans, which is called SIV (add in the definition at the end) (Dude). The HIV virus spread from Haiti to the United States in the early 1970’s (Dude). Though scientists are unsure of how ...


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...g single homeless males (Judd 168). An additional way that is helping the homeless is a program called “Sex, Games and Videotapes” (Judd 168). This program helps homeless men talk about their experiences and it also teaches them how to put on condoms for safe sex (Judd 168). All these things will hopefully create a safer society by reducing the number of homeless people that contract the HIV virus.
In the early days of its discovery, AIDS was viewed as a horrible and deadly disease, but as new advancements continue to be developed it has become perceived as a much more manageable illness. With the new treatments available, people are now surviving many years with the HIV virus inside them, while initially people used to die within a few years if left untreated. If the advancements in medicine and treatment continue to happen then hopefully HIV and AIDS will be cured.

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