Essay on The Epidemic Of Hiv / Aids

Essay on The Epidemic Of Hiv / Aids

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Recently, there was an outbreak of Ebola, and it caused panic in many people, like the HIV/AIDS outbreak in the past. These two diseases are very much alike but also have many differences in various aspects. Just as Ebola, HIV/AIDS attacks the immune system, but at a much slower rate. It does what HIV/AIDS does in ten years, in just about 10 days. Ebola and HIV/AIDS are two of the most studied diseases that have been talked about in the medical community and in the news this decade.
Ebola was formerly known as the Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever, it’s a severe and fatal illness in humans. The Ebola virus is one of five known viruses in the Ebola virus genus. Four of the five known Ebola strains cause a severe and fatal hemorrhagic fever in humans and other mammals such as monkeys and bats. The average fatality rate is about 50%. The fatality rates have varied from 25%-90% in past outbreaks. The virus is transmitted to the public from undomesticated animals and spreads through the human population through human contact. This disease is transmitted through direct contact with bodily fluids and blood of an infected person. The Ebola virus cannot be spread through coughing or sneezing. Therefore the virus is not airborne and cannot be transmitted through the air.
The disease first appeared in 1976 into simultaneous outbreaks one in Nzara, Sudan, and the other in Yambuku, democratic Republic of Congo. The other current occurred in a village near the Ebola River, from which the disease takes its name. The current outbreak in West Africa which was first notified in March 2014, where the largest and most complex outbreaks and since Ebola was first discovered in 1976. There have been more cases and deaths since all other outbreaks combined. It h...


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...s to help treat HIV and Ebola infections. The study published in the December issue of the journal nature medicine, shows HIV and Ebola use a protein called TSG101 to bud from the cells they infect. Both versus hijacked cells, inject genetic material, and make the cells into little virus factories. New copies of the virus bud from the cells in one of the steps of this process, before going in search of new cells to infect. As both HIV and Ebola bud, the TSG101 attaches to the virus and helps it to emerge from the cell. Due to knowing this information, it may be possible to design a drug that interferes with this process. That would be presumably prevent the spread of the virus in an infected person. "It 's remarkable to see to such different viruses share a common bidding mechanism,” Bieniasz said in a statement. There is no cure for either a HIV or Ebola infection.

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