Located in the city of Uruk in Sumeria, the epic of Gilgamesh was an old describing king Gilgamesh’s reign around 26000 B.C.E. By oral tradition, the story was passed down through generations. In 750 B.C.E, finally written in cuneiform, the story talked about the monarchial government structure within an urbanized city. Many gods were worshipped in temples in this well-recognized polytheistic city. In order to protect its enemies during times of war and citizens from attacks, Uruk also had walls surrounding the city. As their main sources of crop, the society survived on wheat and grain agriculture. Known as the Fertile Crescent, the land was productive and fertile at that time. Due to the overall leadership that king Gilgamesh offered, the city did well for itself.
Enkidu and Gilgamesh were the main characters in the Epic of Gilgamesh. In the city of Uruk, King Gilgamesh was a merciless ruler, a strong man, and had long, beautiful hair. Under Gilgamesh’s rule, the people asked the gods to generate their tyrannical king’s competitor. To cease Gilgamesh from dominating people, Enkidu was developed. Enkidu was a hairy-bodied man raised by animals. He was prepared to accept the challenge. The two men were almost iden-tical in their courage and physical abilities. Gilgamesh had a vision ...
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...amesh was also an old story, which was from ancient Sumeria. Written in cuneiform 750 B.C.E., it was about king Gilgamesh’s adventurous reign. The events were between Gilgamesh and his companion Enkidu, who was developed by the gods to prevent Gilgamesh from dominating Uruk’s people. Enkidu was killed, and that affected Gil-gamesh’s emotions. To provide him the eternity, Gilgamesh went for a journey in search of Utnapishtim. He knew Utnapishim's flood story, and he was the only one who survived. Gilga-mesh came back and deceased there in Uruk. All citizens were extremely upset about Gilgamesh death, but Uruk never lost their remembrance in that unbelievable king. From the Epic of Gilga-mesh, it is valuable and priceless to understand and learn about Sumarian culture.
Sandars, N. K. The Epic of Gilgamesh. London: Penguin Group, 1960.
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