The Epic of Gilgamesh is a book written about the divine king. The book was written, roughly, from 3000-1400 BCE. In the time the book was written many big changes were coming to the way people lived, worked, and played. Sumerians lived in small city-states which acted like small countries. Organized government began to take shape as massive irrigation projects commenced. As laws and governing systems sprouted up the desire to conquer other small city-states was engraved in the hearts of many kings and so wars raged as rulers tried to take over their small world. Despite the bloody battles taking place during the third century the world population doubled in size, growing up to some 30 million people. Kings imported luxuries such as gold and beautiful fabrics from other territories. Trade was always going on between kingdoms. In Uruk a new king had taken over, King Lugalsaggizi was now ruling the historical city. Uruk was fast on the road to becoming the largest city in the world and it defiantly was the largest in Mesopotamia.
Mesopotamia was a place with a lot of sun and very little rain. It was, however, between two rivers that flooded easily. Irrigation was a necessity if the Sumerians were to grow crops or raise cattle. Marshes were drained and ditches dug....
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...the gods Sumerians also thought that their ancestors brought the land out of the water that once covered the earth. Some of their stories especially the story of the great flood are very similar to bible stories. The culture was heavily related to the belief system they found in the gods. Gods, kings, and god-kings ruled the land.
Not long after the Sumerians reached their highest point as a culture they lost their independence and the Sumerians gradually disappeared. Their influence was spread by the Babylonians and the Assyrians. The rest of the word improved the rough systems of writing, metal working and so on but the people who started it all will never be forgotten from our history. The way we live now would not be the same without the people who lived in early Mesopotamia. The Sumerians who started our world have left their footprint on it forever.
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