Essay about The Epic Of Gilgamesh And The Odyssey

Essay about The Epic Of Gilgamesh And The Odyssey

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Women, the daughter of a family, mother of children, wife of a husband, are beautiful beings created by a god. In Creation and the Cosmos, a collection of stories about how the world was created, many of the stories tell us that God created both man and woman. Although both men and women was created by a god, a woman’s obligations were different from a man’s. Since the beginning of mankind, women were viewed as secondary citizens. Even the word “mankind” uses the word man rather than woman. Women are the objects of men, owned by their fathers and husbands. They follow the tasks given to them. They stay home, clean, cook, and take care of children, in essence, they are housewives. While the men worked, fought in wars, and were the backbone of their families. Because of their role in a society, they were given less power. But that doesn’t mean women are harmless. In both the epics, The Epic of Gilgamesh and The Iliad, women played a great influence on men. The role of women in the epic tales are depicted as the source of destruction and death. For example, in Works and Days by Hesiod, one of the stories in Creation and the Cosmos, backs up this depiction.
Women were created as a “gift” to destroy men. Before women were created by the god, there were only men on Earth. According to Hesiod, Prometheus, a titan, stole fire from Zeus and give it to mankind. Enraged by this, Zeus orders the gods and goddesses to create a “lovely maiden” (16) as a gift to punish men, a woman called Pandora. Hesiod’s work, Works and Days, tells the story of Pandora bringing man’s death and destruction. Pandora was given a jar by Zeus. and because of her “thievish nature” (32) given by Hermes, she opens the jar, without Zeus telling her to, “bringing grie...


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...ine days the god’s arrows rained death on the camp” (61). Chryseis might not be the direct cause of death but she is certainly the result of the Plague that brought death. Characters in Iliad mainly compose of males, the very few women are depicted as evil that brings death.
The creation story, Works and Days, portrayed women as the cause destruction and death for mankind. Pandora, a maiden gifted to men, opens the jar letting grief and death but locks away hope for the people in the jar. Females in The Epic of Gilgamesh follow in Pandora’s footsteps, bring destruction to the people. The Iliad set the role of women at it’s climax. A great war started because of a woman. Both women in The Iliad cause irreversible destruction to the city and it’s people. Works and Days, The Epic of Gilgamesh, and The Iliad all identified women as the evil being that bring disasters.

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