Dioxin is the common name used to refer to the chemical 2, 3, 7, 8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (2, 3, 7, 8-TCDD). Dioxin is one of the most toxic chemicals known CDD and the most studied (Hilgenkamp, 2006, p. 89-90), ("ATSDR - Public Health Statement: Chlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins (CDDs)", 1998). Dioxins in pure form, CDDs are crystals or colorless solids and odorless. The Vietnam War Vets was exposed to another dioxin called Agent Orange that was used as a defoliant, which was a spray that made the leaves fall of the trees. In 1994 the EPA says dioxin is a “serious public health threat” ("ATSDR - Public Health Statement: Chlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins (CDDs)", 1998), (Hilgenkamp, 2006, p. 89-90).
Dioxins are found throughout the globe in the environment in the food chain, directly in the fatty tissue of animals ("WHO | Dioxins and their effects on human health, 2010").
The possible sources of exposure
There are many ways to be exposed to dioxins by eating beef, pork, chicken, milk, cheese, shell fish and fish; this is more than 90% of the intake of CDDs for the general population. Also, breathing low levels in the air and drinking water. Skin contact with pesticides and herbicides, living near an uncontrolled hazardous waste site containing CDDs or incinerators releasing CDDs. People working in industries that are producing pesticides, working at paper and pulp mills are being exposed to CDDs. They are produced primarily during the incineration or burning of waste; many materials contain chlorine, plastics, wood treated with (PCP), pesticide-treated wastes and even bleached paper can produce CDDs. CDDs are released during combustion of fossil fuels; coal, oil, natural gas and wood. CDDs have been detec...
... middle of paper ...
... has set a limit of 0.00003 micrograms of 2, 3, 7, 8-TCDD per liter of drinking water (0.000003 ug/L). Discharges, spills, or accidental releases of 1 pound or more of 2, 3, 7, 8-TCDD must be reported to EPA ("ATSDR - Public Health Statement: Chlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins (CDDs)", 1998).
ATSDR - Public Health Statement: Chlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins (CDDs). (1998, December). Retrieved April 23, 2014, from http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/phs/phs.asp?id=361&tid=63
Hilgenkamp, K. (2006). Environmental Toxins and Toxicology. In Environmental health: Ecological perspectives (pp. 89-90). Princeton, N.J: Recording for the Blind & Dyslexic.
Welcome. (2010, December 22). Retrieved from http://www.agentorangecanada.com/
WHO | Dioxins and their effects on human health. (2010, May). Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs225/en/
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Central Land Issues There are many key environmental land issues which exist on Long Island. Long Island is one of the most densely populated regions in the United States where land is a hot commodity. The population as of 2014 was over 7.8 million. When there are this many people living in a fixed area a large amount of waste gets created. Waste is being left behind after many human activities. The non biodegradable products are not being disposed of properly, and the vast population growth is forcing further building of homes and roads which is encroaching upon natural habitats.... [tags: Pollution, Waste, Environmental issues]
1624 words (4.6 pages)
- To humans, having a healthy immune system is essential. Our immune system is important because it helps the body fight any foreign bacteria, viruses, and diseases by attacking it, which is why we must take care of it as much as possible by strengthening it. But this so called defense system can also cause problems such as attacking donated organs or blood from another individual, unless the organs or blood are carefully matched. It may also overreact to harmless invaders such as pollen grains, which can cause hayfever, and in particular occasions the immune system may also turn against the body's own cells.... [tags: the human inmune system]
1388 words (4 pages)
- The superfund program, which was better known as just the superfund, is also known as the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability act (CERLA) of 1980 was developed by the federal government as a way to preserve the ecosystem and to clean up toxic, uncontrolled, abandoned hazardous waste sites. The Superfund program cleans up any hazardous waste, be it abandoned, accidentally spilled, or illegally dumped; any of which may pose a threat to future or current health or the environment.... [tags: Comprehensive Environmental Response]
867 words (2.5 pages)
- Environmental quality can directly affect health and plays a major role in quality of life. Poor air quality is linked to long-term damage to respiratory and cardiovascular systems as well as other diseases like lung cancers (Healthy People, 2020, 2016). Safe air, land and water are fundamental human rights that contribute to a healthy community environment. A harm free environment helps prevent disease and other heath problems. A major area of concern in threatened environmental quality is indoor and outdoor air pollution.... [tags: Air pollution]
1446 words (4.1 pages)
- Environmental and public health issues are some of the more important issues that have to be decided in our courts. One very good example of this is the case Michigan vs. EPA which was decided on June 29, 2015 and took place in the Supreme Court of the United States of America. The case in question involved whether or not cost should be considered when an agency is putting limits on sources of hazardous air pollution. In this essay I will prove that the Environmental Protection Agency was justified in ignoring cost when making their decisions regarding restricting sources of air pollution.... [tags: United States Environmental Protection Agency]
1279 words (3.7 pages)
- The contamination with mycotoxins in foods and feeds around the world have shown to be an expressive impasse. (Hussein and Brasel, 2001). It was estimated by FAO that mycotoxins have contaminated 25% of the global's food crops, causing considerable problems in the economic aspect. (Aidoo, 2011). These toxins are compounds that many sorts of fungus produce (EFSA, 2013) and have negative impacts on humans, animals and crops, that according to Hussein and Brasel (2001), result in diseases and losses in the economy.... [tags: Agriculture, Toxins]
862 words (2.5 pages)
- The Truth of the Mining Toxins In this novel Animal Dreams by Barbara Kingsolver is based on two sisters figuring out where they belong in life. They grow up in a small Native Latino American city named Grace, Arizona. In this small town there is a river that runs through the town. Codi, the older sister, is a teacher at the local school. She decided to take her students to the river to look at the water under a microscope and discovered that the water is contaminated. She ended up discussing this problem with a small group called the Stich Bitch Club.... [tags: essays research papers]
1048 words (3 pages)
- Consequences of Environmental Regulations Pollution can be defined many ways. The dictionary defines the act of polluting as: “to make unhealthily impure.” But what exactly does the word “unhealthy” imply? Take, for example, a paper mill. Trees are cut down to make paper. In the act of making paper, the mill dumps byproducts into the water of a nearby lake; and spews smoke into the air. The act of cutting down trees is unhealthy to the animals that use the forest as their habitat. Dumping various toxins into the lake makes the lake unhealthy for swimming. Smoke in the air causes local residents to cough. These are some of the unhealthy effects of making paper. However, conside... [tags: Environment Environmental Pollution Preservation]
2612 words (7.5 pages)
- When one discusses acts of racism, slander or the stereotyping of a group of people may come to mind. However, the concept of environmental racism is rarely considered. This form of racism positions dominant environmental framing as racially driven, in which people of color (i.e. minorities) are affected disproportionately by poor environmental practices. Communities of color throughout the United States have become the dumping grounds for our nation’s waste disposal, as well as home to agricultural and/or manufacturing industries that pollute the land.... [tags: Racism Essays]
1447 words (4.1 pages)
- Environmental Racism To begin with, a definition of environmental justice is necessary. This may be accomplished quite well by using ôThe Principles of Environmental Justiceö. They contain 17 principles ôdrafted and adoptedö in Washington, D.C. on the 24th through the 27th of October 1991by delegates to the First National People of Color Environmental Leadership Summit. 1) Environmental Justice affirms the sacredness of Mother Earth, ecological unity and the interdependence of all species, and the right to be free from ecological destruction.... [tags: essays research papers fc]
2087 words (6 pages)