The Environmental Impacts Of Urban Growth Essay example

The Environmental Impacts Of Urban Growth Essay example

Length: 1035 words (3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

However, despite these dwellers moving to improve their standard of living, urban growth poses a threat to sustainable development in urban areas, as it implies an increase in the consumption space (Williams 2000). The environmental impacts of urban growth have raised concerns among planners and stimulated other models of urban expansion such as "smart growth” (Mohammadi et al. 2012). Unfettered urbanisation has strained the ability of governments to manage with the increasing demands for housing, services and employment in developing countries.

Housing availability is one of the most difficult challenges in Indonesia. At present, there are ‘54,000 hectares of slums in 10,000 locations across the country, housing close to 18 million people’ (Bredenoord, Van Lindert & Smets 2014, p. 10). With continuous socio-economical issues, the housing shortage in Indonesia is likely to increase. In response to this, the government has introduced a self-housing improvement program for squatter settlements located in the river basins of Yogyakarta, an area prone to frequent flooding (Bredenoord, Van Lindert & Smets 2014). Self-help housing has allowed residents the opportunity to improve their housing condition and standard of living, however has simultaneously contributed to the rapid growth of urbanisation.

Furthermore, the World Health Organisation (WHO) has emphasised that the health implication of housing is 'intimately related to health as poor housing conditions provide defences ' (Terwari 1991 cited in Ray 2002, p. 1).

Squatter settlements are usually areas of socio-economic, environmental and health issues. As a consequence, many slum dwellers are motivated by an urge to improve the quality of their lives, prompting the mass m...


... middle of paper ...


...l Inclusion to help alleviate poverty (Un-Habitat 2004). The effective reduction of squatter settlements’ impact on urban expansion has been based on several key principles including principles of equity, effective leadership and taking an ‘innovative approach to urban governance and decision-making’ (Un-Habitat 2004 p. 134) which provides a voice for those living in squatter settlements.

This correlation between housing location and job opportunities is supported by figure 1. As shown, many squatter settlements in developing countries are located around major cities are often due to accessibility to the city centre, which is where job opportunities are found as well as industrial workshops. Furthermore, the arrows pointing inwards towards the city centre highlight the mass migration and rapid growth of squatter settlements surrounding major cities in recent years.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on The Urban Sprawl Effect on Regionalism

- Canada is a nation perceived by the world as a unified democratic society. However, the country is divided into separate entities. These entities make up six distinct regions, all of which are richly diverse. Throughout the years, regionalism has proven to be a strain on the country’s foundation stemming from issues surround immigration. As the population grows, Canada must address regional issues, such as the urban sprawl on a federal level. This will further help to reduce the present feeling of alienation amongst the regions and also create a fair political system....   [tags: Urban Development ]

Better Essays
870 words (2.5 pages)

Essay on High Cost of Urban Sprawl

- Urban Sprawl is an intricate concept that is mostly known as low density, automobile dependent development beyond the edge of employment and services zones. This type of development is ubiquitous in the United States since the end of World War II. Urban sprawl or suburban sprawl has raised immense number of concerns in various areas, such as: environmental impacts, loss of farmland, traffic problems, urban decline, taxpayer subsidy, loss of community, housing, as well as some unspecific concerns....   [tags: Urban Development ]

Better Essays
1656 words (4.7 pages)

The Construction Of Urban Planning Essay

- Introduction Urban planning is a process that relates to the use of a piece of land; its development, maintenance and protection. Primarily, it involves creating a practical design that distributes each component of the city while including unique values dedicated to a certain group of people. The plan has to follow a certain criteria concerning regulations, environmental issues, public facilities, and economic growth. This process is important to determine and assure that an available space will be used in the most functional way possible and that its citizens will be satisfied with their surroundings....   [tags: City, Urban planning, Urban area]

Better Essays
1107 words (3.2 pages)

The Army and Environmental Compliance Essay example

- The Army and Environmental Compliance Since the inception of National environmental awareness and protection policies in the 1970’s, the Army has had to adjust how it conducts training. The development of Army environmental compliance programs, policies and strategies enable the Army to fulfill federal and state requirements governing the use of natural resources, while balancing the need for essential training to maintain combat readiness and relevance. As a direct result of positive environmental stewardship, inclusion of environmental compliance enables the Army to provide continuity of operations while protecting the environment....   [tags: Environmental Issues]

Better Essays
1580 words (4.5 pages)

Environmental Impacts of Industrialization Essay

- The early 1800’s were a time of industrial breakthroughs. The industrial revolution, as it was called, multiplied man’s productivity, and in return multiplied man’s ability to wreak havoc on the environment. The industrial revolution forever changed every feature of human life, and people’s relationship with the earth. The industrial revolution began in Great Britain then flourished in North America where coal was not the only recourse exploited, oil and gasoline became major resources in the industrialization....   [tags: industrial revolution, fossil fuels, water sources]

Better Essays
880 words (2.5 pages)

The Cinema and Its Environmental Implications Essay

- Every development project today is creating many implications on the environment, some of which do not entail positive growth but rather cause stress on the natural component. For small island states such as Malta, these implications, particularly in the entertainment sector, are an even greater matter of concern (Briguglio & Briguglio, n.d.). In response to these statements, this essay aims to discuss the processes and impacts of a cinema, both during the material extraction and construction phase as well as the usage phase....   [tags: Environmental Issues]

Better Essays
1268 words (3.6 pages)

The Economic Impacts Emission Reduction Effect Of Environmental Tax Essay

- Abstract: In this paper, the economic impacts emission reduction effects of environmental tax are simulated based on a dynamic computable general equilibrium (CGE) model, taking sulfur tax and carbon tax as examples. The results found that, under the baseline scenario, China‘s economy will keep growing. The total GDP will reach $69.95 by 2100. SO2 emissions will continue to reduce. Carbon emissions present characteristics of EKC, the peak value appeared in 2034, carbon emission peak value is 3832 MtC....   [tags: Carbon dioxide, Greenhouse gas]

Better Essays
1543 words (4.4 pages)

Brisbane: Impacts of Water Management Strategies Essay

- 1. Introduction The Queensland region recently suffered its worst drought in over a century. This period was shared with a rapid increase in the city’s population. A combination of severe drought and a rapid increase in population had a permanent impact on the city’s water management strategy. Brisbane population is expected to reach 4.5 million by 2050. This report aims to look at how the relationship between Brisbane’s water resources and population growth have effected society, the economy and the environment....   [tags: Brisbane Population growth and water supply]

Better Essays
2448 words (7 pages)

Environmental Impact Assessment On The Environment Essay

- Environmental change is a change of the environment most often caused by humans and natural earthly processes. Environmental changes include natural disasters, human interference, or animal interaction. These changes don’t only show physically, but can be things like an infestation of invasive species. Throughout history, the global climate has been changing and associated global warming which is attributed to human civilization. Possible adverse effects released in the environment caused by development, industrial, or infrastructural project and eventually this global climate change will affect the environment, the people, and even the other organisms in many ways....   [tags: Global warming, Natural environment]

Better Essays
962 words (2.7 pages)

Smart Growth Initiative in the Face of NJ Landscape Change Essay

- Smart Growth Initiative in the Face of NJ Landscape Change The face of the American landscape has undergone a period of fantastic change in recent decades. With an expanding population and innumerable opportunities for economic and physical growth, urban centers and sprawling suburbs have pushed farther and farther into outlying areas causing pressures and development on previously untouched, natural lands. New Jersey has become, in many ways, the focus in dealing with issues of sprawl and development within its relatively small space....   [tags: Urban Sprawl New Jersey Essays]

Better Essays
2083 words (6 pages)