Categorized both as bio-degradable and non-biodegradable, solid wastes chiefly comes from household, market, industries, medical field etc. Wastage from food has chief share on biodegradable wastes. Food losses takes place at different stage i.e. production, postharvest and processing stages in the food supply chain variably. Food losses occurring mainly at the end of the food chain (retail and final consumption) are rather called “food waste”. (Parfitt et al., 2010). On food losses, fruits and vegetable are highly perishable and goes to the state of waste very soon as they are living entity and are rich in water content. The deterioration can be microbial, physiological or mechanical. Rather fruits and vegetables are wasted due to financial, managerial and technical limitation in harvesting techniques in field, storage and cooling facilities in difficult climatic conditions, infrastructure, packaging and marketing systems.
In Nepal, mainly fruits and vegetables wastage contribute the major share in biodegradable waste and the wastage occurs in collect...
... middle of paper ...
... several social and religious functions. Marigold is considered as one of the important commercial flower in Nepal however its production area and productivity is quite low. Marigold is known as heavy feeder plant especially of nutrient like nitrogen and phosphorous (Nalwadi, 1982).
The area under marigold have been stagnant over many years in Nepal and many constraints including unavailability of inorganic fertilizers for its commercial cultivation has also been one of the bottleneck in modern floriculture business of Nepal. Thus the use of vermin products in this crop can also provide additional advantage. Thus the two way advantage can be obtained by utilizing the biodegradable solid wastage for the preparation of vermin products and again using these products in our crops. Thus this chain may be a milestone in the development of agriculture in case of Nepal.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Overpopulation and Environmental Degradation At the time of the agricultural revolution, nearly ten thousand years ago, the population of the globe was no more than ten million. Today the world population is estimated at over six billion. In the last hundred years the population has more than tripled. With the population rising at an enormous rate of 1.7 million a week, the world as a whole is being drained of its resources. (Southwick, 1996) Different theories have prevailed on what will occur as the population continues to explode ranging from the Malthusian apocalypse to absolutely no effects at all.... [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
733 words (2.1 pages)
- The ocean still remains as one of the important natural resource capital of many nations. The numerous benefits (food, climate regulation, nutrients recycling, etc) particularly the quality of life derived from marine and coastal areas have raised global concern for the adoption of sustainable strategies that will ensure the existence of marine and coastal areas in its natural state with less impact caused by externalities. The natural structure and function of coastal marine ecosystems are faced with a lot of environmental and ecological challenges.... [tags: oceans, coastal marine]
1299 words (3.7 pages)
- ... The country is also prone to floods and landslides, and due to the rise in deforestation and erosion the risks of flood and landslide have risen (World Risk Report, 2012). Acording to the report produced by Univeristy of Gothenburg the most significant form of land degradation in turkey is erosion, 73% of agriculture land is prone to erosion and during the last decade over 16,000ha has been lost mainly of the 17% prime agriculture land. Though 86% of turkey’s overall land is somewhat effected by erosion not all the damages are caused by human activities.... [tags: migration, behavior, government, population]
761 words (2.2 pages)
- ... Our intensive industrial and agricultural activities cause us to exploit the Earth’s resources, and we cannot continue on this path. Ahmed (2012) explains that this does not mean the end of the world, but it does mean that this is the end of a particular form of industrial civilization which is based upon the idea of unlimited growth. Diminishing Fossil Fuels: Ahmed (2012) argues that we have reached peak oil, and states that even BP’s data shows we reached a peak in 2004 followed by a few years of plateau and we are now in the beginning of a descent.... [tags: environmental degradation, food shortages]
739 words (2.1 pages)
- Environmental injustice has become a prominent issue within the context of the United States, because the dominant ideology of the nation promotes profit over the livelihood of people. Environmental racism refers to the intentional dumping of hazardous materials into specific communities, as well as limiting communities access to health food. Capitalism and the commercialization of healthy food has disregarded the sustainability of the environment, as well as disproportionately impacts poor communities of color.... [tags: Food, Nutrition, Food processing, Racism]
1257 words (3.6 pages)
- The health of the biosphere has been declining as human populations grow exponentially. There are problems that we face now that couldn’t have been planned for in the past. The global climate is changing and resources are dwindling with astounding speed. To head off the problem or even just slow the degradation, states have set laws and regulations on potentially harmful practices. In doing so, they protect the environment, everything, and everyone in it. “According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), human activities release some 147 million metric tons of air pollutants (not counting carbon dioxide or windblown soil) into the atmosphere each year in the United States alone.... [tags: global climate, tap water]
1714 words (4.9 pages)
- ... Additionally, these factors joint with poor building ventilation can further damage air quality since indoors pollutants cannot be removed. (Anastasia Dimitriou and Vasilia Christidou, 2011) Primary and Secondary Pollutants: Pollutants can be categorized as primary or secondary. Primary pollutants are materials that are straight produced into the atmosphere from causes. The highest primary pollutants known to source damage in high adequate focuses are the following: • Carbon compounds, such as CO, CO2, CH4, and VOCs • Nitrogen compounds, such as NO, N2O, and NH3 • Sulfur compounds, such as H2S and SO2 • Halogen compounds, such as chlorides, fluorides, and bromides Secondary polluta... [tags: contaminants, fuels, manufacturing processes]
2149 words (6.1 pages)
- As human populations rise, and industries increase in number, the by-products of human and industrial existence also increase. The need to conserve the environment today is very urgent. The idea of sustainable development today is that development should meet the requirements of the present without putting at risk the ability of future generations to satisfy their own needs. The growth of the world’s population implies that there will be a constantly increasing need for clean water for both residential and industrial use.... [tags: pollution, water, disease]
1162 words (3.3 pages)
- When first presented in 1991, the Environmental Kuznets Curve offered an explanation for the relationship between economic growth and environmental quality (Grossman & Krueger, 1991). These early estimates indicated that the quantity of sulfur dioxide, an important environmental indicator, improved as income and consumption increased. These findings were contradictory to the beliefs of the time as, prior to this research, it was commonly assumed that increasing economic development and capitalism would continue to harm the envirnoment and destroy natural resources.... [tags: kuznet curve, nations wealth, simon kuznet]
1627 words (4.6 pages)
- China has long been considered to be amongst the upper level of the developed countries of the world. However, post-Mao China has seen some major changes and reform in the past century. Part of that change has been the shift to a more market based economy. Overall, most of the Chinese population’s living standards have vastly improved. Still, much of the economic growth has spurred significant environmental issues which can affect the overall life quality of the people. While the country intensely focuses on economic stability and sustainability, the health of the environment in China has greatly suffered.... [tags: Government, Resources, Habitat]
1298 words (3.7 pages)
- How Much Oil is Left in Our World?
- A Learning Organization Takes an Active Role in Identifying and Resolving Work-related Issues
- The Complex Task of Implementing New Systems and Solution in an Organization
- Political Tension and Friction in South Sudan
- Satan Sympathetic?
- Protecting Life, Liberty, and Property in the Bill of Rights