Before colonialism, the two countries were a similar size, both had long costal areas, had a similar population of an estimated 9 million who mainly followed Theravada Buddhism, with each establishing a monarchy within 100 years of the other. This shows that the two countries were very similar in key ways before their divergence during the colonial era.
European colonisers first began trade in Burma towards the end of the 18th century (Nibset 413) due to the close proximity to India and the death of King Mindôn lead to the violent annexation of land starting 1826 and the whole of Burma was under colonial rule by 1886 (Nibset 5-7). Due to the primary resistance of some Burmese, the British rule was also a rule of occupation with resentment for the British forces caused by the culture intolerance. The colonisation of Burma was thus achieved through violent means and was sustained in the same way. Similarly, the Japanese in invaded during the se...
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