The Entrenchment of Political Systems Through Colonialism in Burma and Thailand

The Entrenchment of Political Systems Through Colonialism in Burma and Thailand

Length: 1794 words (5.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Between Thailand and Burma (Myanmar) military regimes have ruled for over 100 years. In this paper I shall investigate the role of colonialism in deepening and further entrenching the political system of military regimes in Burma. To show this, I will first look at the background before exploring the causal factors which help prove my thesis. I have chosen to compare Burma to Thailand because despite holding many pre-colonial similarities Thailand was never colonised, consequently many of the effects of colonialism we see in Burma, we would expect to not exist to the same extent in Thailand. To define political systems, I will use Siaroff's definition which is the mechanisms of political representation, patterns of repression used by a regime, and how the leader is selected (Siaroff 61-63).
Before colonialism, the two countries were a similar size, both had long costal areas, had a similar population of an estimated 9 million who mainly followed Theravada Buddhism, with each establishing a monarchy within 100 years of the other. This shows that the two countries were very similar in key ways before their divergence during the colonial era.
European colonisers first began trade in Burma towards the end of the 18th century (Nibset 413) due to the close proximity to India and the death of King Mindôn lead to the violent annexation of land starting 1826 and the whole of Burma was under colonial rule by 1886 (Nibset 5-7). Due to the primary resistance of some Burmese, the British rule was also a rule of occupation with resentment for the British forces caused by the culture intolerance. The colonisation of Burma was thus achieved through violent means and was sustained in the same way. Similarly, the Japanese in invaded during the se...

... middle of paper ... A. Robinson. Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity and Poverty. London: Profile, 2012. Print.
Baker, Christopher J, and Phongpaichit Pasuk. A History of Thailand. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005. Print.
Handelman, Howard. "The Challenge of Third World Developemnt ." Trans. Array. 7th
Edition. New Jersey: Pearson Education, 2013. Chapter 8. Print.
Nisbet, John. Burma Under British Rule-and Before. Westminster: A. Constable, 1901. Print.
Siaroff, Alan. Comparing Political Regimes: A Thematic Introduction to Comparative Politic, Chaper 3. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2009. Print.
Taylor, Robert H, and Robert H. Taylor. The State in Myanmar. London: C. Hurst, 2008. Print.
Zakaria, bin H. A, and Harold A. Crouch. Military-civilian Relations in South-East Asia. Singapore: Oxford University Press, 1985. Print.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Thailand : The Constitutional Monarchy Thailand Essay

- Nestled between countries of Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia, and Malaysia, sits the constitutional monarchy Thailand. The country’s population of sixty seven million plus, ranking twentieth in the world, cannot compare to the three hundred million and more that occupy the United States. A comparison as this may suggest employment more readily available in Thailand than the United States; less people correlates to less competition. In fact, the Central Intelligence Agency stated an individual residing in Thailand was ninety percent less likely to be unemployed paralleled to the United States....   [tags: Human rights, United States, Thailand]

Powerful Essays
1288 words (3.7 pages)

Essay on The Effect of Colonialism On The World

- Sometime I think about the problems and effects that colonialism have caused in the whole world. Is it good or bad. “Colonialism has always had a bad reputation” (1). I suppose in essence, for the people being colonized, it cannot be a good thing. The world wide scramble for colonies, particularly in the late 19 early 20th centaury, had a tremendous negative effects on the economic, social, and political structures of indigenous, non-industrialized people. The idea of colonialism is to take resources from one country to use for the benefit of the colonizing country....   [tags: Colonialism]

Powerful Essays
1363 words (3.9 pages)

Colonialism Of Latin Americ Colonialism Essay

- Colonialism’s scars in Latin America “The developed-developing relationship in many ways replaces the colonizer-colonized relationship. The idea of development is a way for rich countries to control and exploit the poor” (Silver, 2015). This describes what colonialism meant for Latin American countries when Spaniards came to “trade” with indigenous communities in the so called, ‘New World’. In the 1500’s when Iberians’ realized they were in an “undiscovered” land, they started to take control of lands, destroy native civilizations and introduce slavery....   [tags: United States, Latin America, Colonialism]

Powerful Essays
1002 words (2.9 pages)

Were the African People Partially Responsible for Colonialism? Essay examples

- “The condition of the native is a nervous condition introduced and maintained by the settler among the colonized people with their consent.” Frantz Fanon, 1961, The Wretched of the Earth Fanon’s quote, repeated on the first page of Nervous Conditions by Tsitsi Dangarembga, seems to state that Fanon held the colonized people of Africa partly responsible for the colonial system of governing and, by extension, the oppression of the African people. Fanon notes the silence of Africa in the face of colonialism and her inability or lack of will to act against the colonial governments....   [tags: Colonialism]

Powerful Essays
1175 words (3.4 pages)

The Economy Of Thailand Dependent Dependence On The Growths Of Smes Essay

- The economy of Thailand solely dependence on the growths of SMEs that include manufacturing, retai, and tourism. In this present day and as well the effect of globalization had encouraged investors to flood the Thailand’s market, thus, causing intense competition among various producers, suppliers of goods and services (Srikanjanarak, Omar & Ramayah, 2007; Wongsuchat & Ngamyan, 2014). Evidence from the statistics given by Wongsuchat and Ngamyan (2014), Thailand is one of the world most leisure destination with consistency tourist arrival rate of 7.8% over the last five years....   [tags: Marketing, Investment, Supply chain, Thailand]

Powerful Essays
1440 words (4.1 pages)

Imperialism and Colonialism Essay

- Imperialism has been noted to be practice of foreign rule in a context of hierarchy and subordination, which can eventually lead to the formation of an empire. Imperialism refers directly to the enhancement of power and military superiority. At the time when developed nations were colonizing less developed nations around the 1870s, the age of Imperialism began. Referring to the time were nations such as the United States, Germany, and Japan began to employ imperialist doctrines to their governance, yet imperialist tendencies had been around for centuries....   [tags: Imperialism produces colonialism]

Powerful Essays
2499 words (7.1 pages)

Essay on Thailand’s Three Major Issues

- Introduction Thailand or also known as the Kingdom of Thailand is located at the center of the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia. Its surrounding countries are Burma, Laos, and Cambodia. The capital city of Thailand is Bangkok, and the country predominantly follows the Buddhist faith. As of 2011 Thailand was the 21st most populous country in the world, with around 64 million people. Thailand is notorious for its breathtaking scenery and famous tourist spots. However, what you might not know is that Thailand is currently facing a number of issues as a country; these issues can be summed up into three major categories: Environmental issues, Human Rights issues, and the South Thailand Insu...   [tags: Thailand]

Powerful Essays
1619 words (4.6 pages)

Essay on Colonialism

- The way society is structured today, it is difficult to understand Colonialism for what it truly was. For example, A Stranger walks into a house and claims it is his, while he enslaves the real owners and demands they follow his rules. It might seem like an unlikely scenario, but about 400 years ago, this was reality. European countries such as Spain and England wanted to expand their territories and become the world powers. Explorers like Christopher Columbus, soon started declaring regions that they discovered in the name of their countries....   [tags: European History]

Powerful Essays
1563 words (4.5 pages)

Thailand Essay

- Thailand The topic that I will be discussing is Thai culture. In this, it will include areas that influence this culture. First, I will give you the geographical information of the country of Thailand. The second area that I will look at will be language. Language is an extremely important part of culture and some say that one cannot be found without the other. After that I will inform you about customs, traditions and taboos in Thai culture. This is a very important part of culture and is what shows the differences between cultures....   [tags: Information History Culture Customs Papers]

Powerful Essays
4086 words (11.7 pages)

Essay on Thailand

- Thailand Thailand is a country in South East Asia. Its neighboring countries are Cambodia on the east, Burma (now called Myanmar) on the west, Laos on the north, and Malaysia on the south. The main river in Thailand is the Chao Phraya River which flows south out of the Mae Nam River. The word nam means water in Thai. Most of the rivers in Thailand start with Mae Nam something. For example: Mae Nam Ping, Mae Nam Yom, Mae Nam Wang, Mae Nam Songkram, Mae Nam Ngao, Mae Nam Tapi and Many others....   [tags: essays research papers]

Powerful Essays
1555 words (4.4 pages)