Copernicus is said to be the father of modern astronomy, and his works the spark that started the scientific revolution. This polish man of means and ecclesiastical position, alive...
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...r the commoners. With numerous imprisonments and exiles, Voltaire’s pen never slowed to point out the ridiculousness and idiocy of the status quo. Voltaire and the other philosophes spoke out using reason to back their ideas.
The scientific revolution gifted the Enlightenment with the notion and courage to question the embedded institutions of authority. Most were not as bold or irreverent as Voltaire, but all in some way questioned the Church’s teachings. Some were pious men that did not question the metaphysical or ethical teachings of the Church, but they questioned the means by which natural phenomena were explained. The pioneers of the scientific revolution gave the Enlightenment philosophes the idea, the courage, and a foundation of rational thought in which to question the Church and governments of various nations.
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