In The Enlightenment: An Interpretation – The Rise of Modern Paganism, Peter Gay gives a great overview of the intellectual heritage during the 18th century. He focuses mainly on the philosophes and presents solid knowledge of their education and ideas. Gay states that, “There were many philosophes in the eighteenth century, but there was only one Enlightenment” (3). He considered the philosophes to be a family and believed their accomplishments should be honored. Despite their strong debates, they all presented a mutual obligation. Each philosophes believed that everything about the past and the division of the world was pessimistic. They sought to get rid of old habits and change the way of thinking through knowledge, education, and science. In doing so, the philosophes attempted to apply critical thinking, more than ever before, to move towards modernity. Gay believes that they were unique and unlike any other man because th...
... middle of paper ...
...ed the amount of progress that was brought about. It is smart to think and focus on how intellect had changed the world as a whole. To take a deeper look into this idea helps to concentrate on changes in the ways of thinking and styles of behavior among many people during this era. The purpose of this age of reason was to change the minds of people and to encourage them to think in different ways than they were normally taught. So it is essential to play close attention to the outcome of this time period. We must see that the Enlightenment was a time to educate all and not just those of Church and royalty. Today, it is clear that the Enlightenment continues to stretch way beyond the philosophes. Cultural historians turn to new thinking in reading newspapers, novels, prints, etc. To this day the Enlightenment lives on as a living language and important teaching tool.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- “Reason does not work instinctively, but requires trial, practice, and instruction in order to gradually progress from one level of insight to another” Immanuel Kant. Kant’s opinion of reason is that it is a force, which is ever-evolving and constantly building on previous insights. The Enlightenment is a historical period referring to the intellectual movement that swept across Europe in the 18th century. To tackle this question, I will be looking at two texts. The essays, ‘An Answer to the Question: What is Enlightenment’ by Immanuel Kant, an 18th century philosopher, and ‘What is Enlightenment’ by Michel Foucault, a 20th century philosopher.... [tags: Social Studies]
1557 words (4.4 pages)
- The “Age of Enlightenment” also known as the “Age of Reason” took place around Europe between the 17th and 18th century. It was a movement that took place to emphasize the use of reason and science in the world. In addition, it was to enlighten or shed light upon the use of factual reasoning and promote the use of evidence when doing things. Thinkers and well-known philosophers of the time such as Voltaire, Diderot, D'Alembert, Descartes, Montesquieu and more were beginning to understand and promote reasoning beyond the traditional ways of doing things.... [tags: reasoning, enlightment, rationalism]
648 words (1.9 pages)
- During the 17th and 18th century, there was a movement that begun to put an emphasis on individuality, more specifically, the use of reason. The era of enlightenment saw the replacement of historical traditions, in favor of using reasoning to achieve freedom. Man by nature, desire to know what occurred in the past. History is concerned with narrating concepts and actions. Historicism is a theory that social and cultural occurrences are determined by history. It implies that there are no universal principles, but rather they are determined through social and historical context, which differs based upon cultures and eras.... [tags: Kant, Marx, Nietsche]
1111 words (3.2 pages)
- An Age of Reason “Those who can make you believe absurdities can make you commit atrocities.” This brief quotation was spoken by the famous writer and philosopher Voltaire; I believe it vaguely points out that some people are full of absurd ideas, and for others to follow such nonsense is foolish. The quote is just a taste of Voltaire’s wisdom and knowledge of the world, during the Age of Reason. The Age of Reason or The Enlightenment is defined as a change in not just a way of thinking, but an establishment of values and rational actions.... [tags: Enlightenment]
1167 words (3.3 pages)
- The Enlightenment period, also known as The Age of Reason, was a period of social, religious, and political revolution throughout the 18th century which changed the thoughts of man during this “awakening” time. It was a liberation of ignorant thoughts, ideas, and actions that had broken away from the ignorant perception of how society was to be kept and obeyed thus giving little room for new ideas about the world. Puritan society found these new ideas of thought to be extremely radical in comparison to what they believed which was a belief of strong rational religion and morality.... [tags: Age of Reason, Revolution]
796 words (2.3 pages)
- True: Rational thinking was heavily promoted and such thinking was the foundation of the Age of Enlightenment. b. False: The work of scientists during that time was highly promoted and accepted by other thinkers by applying it to everyday life problems and depicting it art forms. c. True: These intellectuals wanted to rid the Western culture of irrationality, superstition, and tyranny. d. False: Enlightenment thinkers sought to define clear rules and laws through rational thought. e. True: The Age of Enlightenment was defined by seeking truth by reason and logical thinking which is utilizing the empirical formula.... [tags: Age of Enlightenment, French Revolution]
1432 words (4.1 pages)
- The Age of Enlightenment saw many great changes in Western Europe. It was an age of reason and philosophes. During this age, changes the likes of which had not been seen since ancient times took place. Such change affected evert pore of Western European society. Many might argue that the Enlightenment really did not bring any real change, however, there exists and overwhelming amount of facts which prove, without question, that the spirit of the Enlightenment was one of change-specifically change which went against the previous teachings of the Catholic Church.... [tags: Age of Enlightenment, history, religion, ]
1011 words (2.9 pages)
- Influence from Global History 1500-1900 As educators we need to remember that the things we have today come from our past. Every action, every thought, or even question that might have been raised wouldn’t of been answered if it wasn’t from brave people willing to question the what if and wanted to know how. Could you image a world that didn’t have computers. Illness was because of a curse or evil has gotten to you, or even knowing that our planet was once considered flat and that we would fall off the edge if we sailed out to the deep.... [tags: global history, age of reason, change]
886 words (2.5 pages)
- The Enlightenment of Woman The enlightenment, also referred to as the age of reason, was a 18th century philosophical movement. Key to this movement, was the emphasis its proponents placed on the rights of individuals, equality, and the use of reason/rationality to support beliefs. The writers in this period, like John Locke and Jean Rousseau, boasted this “enlightened” way as superior to that of the emotionally-driven Romantic period. However, to others, particularly feminist writer Mary Wollstonecraft, the ideals are sullied by the fact that women are not also incorporated into this movement that claims equality amongst its virtues.... [tags: Age of Enlightenment, Jean-Jacques Rousseau]
1220 words (3.5 pages)
- Science vs the Enlightenment vs Politics This essay argues that the Enlightenment is the most important concept among the three given in the title. The Age of Enlightenment was a period in early modern history when western societies, led by its intellectuals, made a marked shift from religion based authority to one of scientific reason. Prior to this period, the Church and the State were intricately interlinked; and the Enlightenment sought to sever states and politics from religion through the application of rational analysis based on scientific observation and facts.... [tags: Enlightenment 2014]
655 words (1.9 pages)