In the 1840’s only some schools were bilingual and those schools were usually private or religious ones. It wasn’t until 1967 that the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA) was amended to create the Bilingual Education Act (BEA) which provided discretionary, supplemental funding to those school districts that established programs to meet the need of children with limited English speaking ability. In 1974, the US Supreme Court expanded the rights of students with limited English proficiency in Lau v. Nichols. Then, in 1982, the Supreme Court struck down Texas statute denying public education to illegal immigrant children in Plyler v. Doe. By 1999, 43 states and the district of Columbia had laws providing for bilingual education & ESL instruction. The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 folded in bilingual education making it a requirement for states and districts to help children who are limited English proficient to develop a level...
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... of this box and treat each and every student you encounter equally to the best of your abilities. It is your job to keep a watchful eye out for peers causing trouble or any person who is intentionally or unintentionally discouraging them and take the appropriate action to put an end to it.
As you can see, these students do face many challenges from learning a new language to the harsh words of others. In the spirit of Kelly Clarkson “What doesn’t kill you…” will only make you stronger. You live. You learn. And you keep moving forward. So, however embarrassed these students may feel or how different they might even be from those who speak English fluently…. As a teacher, it is our job to ensure that they have a safe environment to learn and to extend our help as much as we can. So that they can grow to be independent learners in America and help others do the same.
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