A concern that arises with the national standardization of english is linguistic imperialism, a term coined by Robert Phillipson saying that the dominance of English threatens the existence of other, less prevalent languages. and maintains the inequality that exists between languages (Dombi, 2011). With the United States spearheading modernization and globalization, the possibility of linguistic imperialism becomes more clear and more likely for the prominent powers on the world stage. Seeing that the most powerful nations have some integration of English for the sake of international communication, aboriginal languages may ...
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... faces] circles. [explain inner middle and outer circle english speakers]. For example, in Japan there are mostly outer circle english speakers because there is not a high concentration of inner circle and middle circle speakers. This means that their command of english is further from native command because they are not in close proximity to inner and middle circle speakers.
Furthermore, instituting ELF will help to facilitate a broader cultural understanding and limit the number of miscommunications in economic transactions. With every party following the same standards, there will be less words lost in translation, therefore, less miscommunication. Having English as a lingua franca does not exclude those who speak English as a first language. In ELF communications, however, the native speakers would not be the ones “setting the linguistic agenda” (Jenkins, 2009).
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