How different was the England of 1914 from that of 1815?
Arguably the England of 1914 was very different to that of 1815. This was due to a number of social, economic and political changes. The factors which precipitated these changes will be examined as well as the changes themselves. An attempt to explain the effects that these changes had on England both at the time and the implications that they had in the future will be made.
There was a change in the number of people living in England in 1815 compared to 1914. In 1815 there were approximately 10.5 million people living In England by 1914 this had risen to 17 million. The reason the population rose so dramatically is twofold firstly the Napoleonic wars ended in 1815. Approximately 311,000 English men died in the war (Uglow, 2014). The second reason why the population increased is because the infant mortality rate started to fall from 150 per thousand to 110 per thousand by 1910-1914. Better nutrition and medical advances could account for the fall in the mortality rate.
People were healthier and lived longer in 1914 compared to their ancestors of 1815. The life expectancy of a person in 1815 was forty years; it had risen to fifty four years in 1914. Although infant mortality rate had an effect on these figures other factors also had an impact. Improvements in medicine had a profound effect on the health and longevity of the population. Lister discovered that infection was caused by microbes and invented anti -sepsis techniques to use in surgery, thereby increasing the patient?s survival. Anaesthetics were introduced in 1846. They allowed surgeons to perform more complex surgery. Queen Victoria was administered chloroform in 1853 whilst in c...
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