The End Of World War II Essay

The End Of World War II Essay

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1.. At the end of World War II, the United States faced several economic problems. The biggest issue was that the country’s industries during the war were completely focused on supporting the war, so when the war ended, industries had to go back to normal. People were so used to rationing because there was a lack of products overall, and with the war over, the whole country had to try to return to normalcy. Veterans came home to shortages of food and consumer goods, and were left without jobs.
Additionally, there was a scarce number of automobiles being produced, which was the complete opposite of what people were used to before the war. Prices of products quickly grew larger than average wages for jobs, and a wave of strikes broke out around the country.
Truman’s reaction to this was the implementation of the Fair Deal. This plan would build on the New Deal, coming up with more ways to “ensure greater opportunity for the mass of the people”. With the Fair Deal came things like the Housing Act of 1949, which provided money for local housing agencies to buy, clear, and resell land for housing, and a revitalized Social Security program. The new Social Security program would allow benefits to go up by 80 percent and insurance for 10.5 million additional people.
Republicans forced Congress to choose carefully among Truman’s proposals, which led to a set of disconnected measures rather than the consistent program that Truman had hoped for.
2. Many changes took place in American society in the late 1940s. The country became the most rich and powerful in the world. Despite the threat of communism, people were celebrating the freedom from war and the rationing that they had become accustomed to. The Soviet threat was great, but peop...


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...ver weakness. So, the U.S. would have to support every country it could at all times indefinitely.
This came to be called the Truman Doctrine, which stated that U.S. economic power would be used to help free nations everywhere resist internal subversion or aggression. This help would be through economic and financial aid. This was helpful, but not helpful enough to do what the United States needed to. So, the Marshall Plan was initiated, which committed the United States to help rebuild all of post-World War II Europe. This affected life in the United States because in order to provide all of this support to Europe, the money had to come from somewhere. So, taxes were raised for Americans. The citizens, of course, didn’t like this and were somewhat against containment, but the government knew it was the most practical way to fight the Soviets without an outright war.

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