The End Of The Cold War Essay

The End Of The Cold War Essay

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The end of the Cold War ended an era of bi-polarity and ushered in a new wave of democratization and the globalization of information (Stern & Druckman, 2000), economics and politics. The end of the Cold War also coincided with an eruption of violent conflict in Europe and Africa, some of which had ethnic dimensions such as the genocide in Rwanda, and the violent collapse of the former republics of Yugoslavia. In addition there were also eruptions of intra state conflicts such as the troubles in Northern Ireland and more recently the conflict in Syria that has also spilled over into Iraq. Given the nature and complexities of these conflicts it can be argued that post Cold War conflicts do require different approaches to their resolution to conflicts of earlier eras’.

This essay forwards the proposition that post- Cold War Conflicts do require different approaches to their resolution than those of the past due to their complex nature and the actors involved. This paper will first explore the nature of conflict both in the pre–Cold War and post-Cold War eras, with special references to the actors involved, inter and intra state dimensions and other complex issues such as ethnicity and religion. This essay will also examine traditional methods of conflict resolution, namely negotiation and mediation through the lenses of case studies and consider whether they are appropriate for post-cold war conflicts. In addition this essay will consider possible new approaches within the current framework increasing representation in negotiations, expanding it to include representatives of civil society, minorities and whether NGO’s could be successful mediators in post-Cold War conflicts.

Beginning with the examination of the nature of confli...


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...ountable to anyone and suffer the same flaw as their traditional counter parts – they too may be involved for their own reasons.

As the case studies discussed in this essay have shown, the conflicts of the post-cold war era are highly complex, with multiple state and non- state actors , each with their own motivation and agenda which can include religion, and identity. Therefore, it is reasonable to conclude that post-Cold War conflicts do require a different approach to their resolution. This essay has highlighted where traditional forms of conflict resolution have failed with Syria being the starkest example. This essay has also considered new approaches within the traditional conflict resolution framework. However, as discussed they are far from flawless. With less word limit restrictions this essay would consider other new approaches for post-Cold War conflicts.

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