The End Of The Civil War Essay

The End Of The Civil War Essay

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The Civil War was started due to the rise in tension between the Northern states and Southern states about how the new western territories should be added to the Union, whether or not they were going to be slave states or free states. When Abraham Lincoln won the election of 1860, the first wave of southern states seceded (Woods). The second wave followed later that year and halfway into 1861 (Woods). The war official started after the bombardment on Fort Sumter (Woods). During the first couple of years of the war slavery became an even more pressing issue then it was before and became one of the main reasons the war was fought over, that and having the Confederacy rejoin the Union. So in 1863, Lincoln made the Emancipation Proclamation which set all the slaves of Confederate masters free. The document found is from this time period after the Emancipation Proclamation was implemented, sometime after January 1863. It shows how the military played a key role in freeing the slaves of the Confederacy, how many Northern soldiers felt about slavery, and overall how slavery played an important part in the war.
The document found was written by a Union soldier either from West Virginia or just deployed there with a moderately high rank. If the author is not from West Virginia then he is most likely from a free state in the North because of the actions he takes and his opinion on slavery. This is because he believes that any slave that makes it too a Union occupied fort should be freed and not returned to his “master.” He believes this to the point where he even frees a slave of Southern Union Major Smith, and not just free him, he even fights against his superiors to try and keep the slave free on multiple occasions. Which shows that t...


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...in the situation. That the taking away of his slaves his wrong and should not be done, because he is a part of the Union, and they are allies. But this also shows that the feelings towards slavery is that it should be gotten rid of completely, not just within states of the Confederacy.
This document has provided a clear viewpoint of what most northerners think of slavery, and has shown the actions that they would take against it. Whether it be fighting against their superiors or allies, they believe that slavery is wrong and should be done away with everywhere in the United States. It has also shown that the military was basically the deciding factor on how to deal with the slaves that would come to them. And while some returned the slaves to their masters if they were a part of the Union, almost any slave that came from the Confederacy was freed and taken care of.

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