The End Of The Civil War Essay

The End Of The Civil War Essay

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“Jeff in Petticoats,” Appomattox, Grand Review
On April 9, 1865 Appomattox was the site of the surrender of General Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia. The Grand Review was a massive military procession of the Army of the Potomac, Army of Tennessee and Army of Georgia through Washington DC on May 23rd and 24th, 1865. It served as a celebration of the end of the war and also would be the last action of the armies which were disbanded afterward. “Jeff in Petticoats” refers to the fact that Jefferson Davis was purportedly wearing his wife’s clothes when he was captured in early May 1865 in an attempt to avoid being recognized and captured by Union forces. The image of Jefferson in women’s clothes became popular and also served as the inspiration for a song of the same name. All three of these terms relate to the ending of the Civil War. The surrender of General Lee’s army at Appomattox, serves as the effective end of Confederate military threat. The capture of Davis serves as the effective end of the Confederate political system. After these two events the war and the Confederacy were ended. This allowed for the Grand Review and the disbandment of the Union forces.

Black Codes, 14th Amendment, Memphis Riot
The Black Codes were a series of laws that were instituted across the Southern States after the Civil War in an attempt to keep African Americans subservient to white Southerners. The 14th Amendment, adopted on July 9, 1868, was the Reconstruction Amendment that addresses citizen rights and the equal protection of the law. The Memphis Riot of 1866, which began after a shooting incident between white policemen and black Union veterans, was a race riot that saw white men rampage through black neighborhoods. This rioting involved murder...


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...ssful town until the federal government reclaimed the land in 1900. Tunis Campbell was an influential African American Republican in Georgia after the Civil War. He was Vice-President of the Republican Party in Georgia before being driven out by the Democrats. Horace James was a white pastor from Massachusetts. During the war he would be the superintendent of Negro affairs in North Carolina. He would be the Freedmen’s Bureau assistant commissioner for North Carolina for a short time after the war. After the ending of slavery there was a period in which the country attempted to find a place for all of the freemen in society. The projects of Horace James and Freedmen’s Village both illustrate that African Americans could work together for the betterment of society. Campbell attempts to support this by raising the African Americans to true equals of the Southern whites.

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