There are more than just two multiple-vector processes that were stated in the question, and they are happening at the same time but with a different dynamics.
The conservative method which is not to make any changes in the structure of the society is supported by people who were raised in the times of the communist regime. They want very simple things from life, however they are the psychological anchor of the modern society in the post-communist states. During the time of their youth, they lived in a strongly idealized world, and they believe that the way the state was ruled back then is the only correct way even for modern days. A result of efficient Soviet propaganda, socialism was deeply rooted as a canon of many. Due to serious demographic changes in the populations of Eastern Europe, the tendency has become even stronger. Poor fertility, and as consequence- ageing population which nowadays makes up over 30% of the post-communist states, are pensioners who lived in times of socialism and wish their progeny too to live by the socialist rules, when people on average were worse-off in economic terms, but at least they believed they lived ‘in fairness’.
Liberal Democracy. Almost all post-communist states are the countries of the Warsaw Pact which is the ‘union of peace and socialism’ (a counterbalance to ...
... middle of paper ...
...ensions and benefits is being provided to keep the masses quiet. Power is highly centralized in the hands of few people who will not let the liberal democracy to come true.
There is a dispute on how the stable liberal democracies are created. On the one hand a long-term cleavage of the elite would be enough along with politicizing the public in order to solve the possible internal conflicts. But on the other hand there must be a path dependency of forming the democratic traditions and institutions for each and separate nation.
Real political reforms are essential for post-communist state but for it they have to ‘mature’. Communist ideas will disappear, and it might only happen with the physical death of the older generation. All the ideas and recollections will not be left with the younger. Society has not yet realised the real usefulness of the democratic mechanism.
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