Essay on The Enactment Of The Racial Discrimination Act Of 1975

Essay on The Enactment Of The Racial Discrimination Act Of 1975

Length: 1800 words (5.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The enactment of the Racial Discrimination Act of 1975 heralded an historic shift in what was to be regarded as fair comment and race hate speech. Under this section of the act, racial vilification was no longer acceptable in a socially cohesive, multicultural society. However George Brandis, the Federal Attorney General, has argued that Section18C of the Racial Discrimination Act unjustifiably restricts the democratic principle of freedom of speech; claiming in 2014 that “people have a right to be bigots”. As expected, Brandis later proposed a draft bill to remove Section18C entirely. To do so would undermine the interests of social cohesion in a society as multicultural as Australia’s. It would upset the balance between protection and freedom that exists in relation to racial speech, incentivising racial abuse by nationalist groups against vulnerable minorities.
Since its inception in 1975, the Racial Discrimination Act continues to govern every aspect of race relations. Binding throughout the Commonwealth of Australia, this act is enforceable under Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code (Section 6B of the Racial Discrimination Act). Under Section18, vilification is defined as the spiteful speech or any form of publication which is “reasonably likely…to offend, insult, humiliate or intimidate another person or a group of people” (1a). As it stands, it must be correspondingly apparent that the comments are directed at a particular individual or group because of their “race, colour or national or ethnic origin”. Moreover, Section18C 23) establishes that this must be “communicated to the public” or in “sight or hearing” of a public place (Commonwealth Parliament of Australia, 1975). In addition to this, vilification may also be regarded a...

... middle of paper ...

... to an “ongoing attack on their (Indigenous communities) identities” by Bolt and others. In this article, Warren Mundine, head of the PM’s Indigenous advisory council, reiterated that if the likes of Bolt can persistently conjure up racial hate speech, it would “let people off the chain in regards to bigotry” (The Guardian, 2014). The Indigenous people of Australia, which account for fewer than 3%, would bear the full brunt of diminished provisions under the liberalistic Brandis perspective. If the legislation remains the same, the law will keep the media in check – Bolt was dealt with resolutely, forced to pay hefty fines. Furthermore, and more importantly, it remains a deterrent for others in the media. It would not be controversial to say that without its provisions, the political and media elite would have a field day; with minority groups at the receiving end.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Controversial Proposed Amendments For The Racial Discrimination Act ( 1975 )

- The controversial proposed amendments to the Racial Discrimination Act (1975) are of political and social importance. It has been asserted the changes could expose people to racial discrimination and hate speech. However it is also suggested that the amendments allow for more freedom of speech. Attorney General George Brandis sparked controversy with the proposed amendments and argument that the current legislation amounts to ‘political censorship’ (Brandis, 2014 in Griffiths, 2014). Brandis asserted that the current act restricted freedom of speech and controversially stated ‘everyone has the right to be bigot’ (Brandis, 2014 in Leslie, 2014)....   [tags: Racism, Hate speech, Freedom of speech, Rights]

Better Essays
1110 words (3.2 pages)

Australia 's Racial Vilification Act ( 1975 ) Essay

- In recent years there have been calls from community leaders across Australia to make amendments to Australia’s Racial Vilification Act (1975), with some arguing certain aspects of it should be modified to promote freedom of speech, while others contend the Act does not do enough to protect certain groups from racism. In March 2014, Attorney-General George Brandis announced plans to repeal Section 18C of the Racial Vilification Act (Lillebuen, 2014), which makes it “unlawful to offend, insult, humiliate or intimidate another person or a group of people because of race, colour or national or ethnic origin” (Brett, 2011)....   [tags: Race, Racism, Freedom of speech, Hate speech]

Better Essays
1601 words (4.6 pages)

Education Of All Handicapped Children Act Of 1975 Essay

- What is diversity. Diversity refers to the demographic variables such as race, gender, ethnicity, language, nationality, or social class. Diversity is the acceptance within these different cultures. Also, it is the understanding that each individual is unique and free to be whom they want to be. Several laws were passed in the 1960s and 1970s that are about education and how schools should represent equality. One of the laws passed was Title IX of the Education Amendments in 1972. This law states that there will be no discrimination against any student or employee in a school district....   [tags: Education, Learning styles, Curriculum, Teacher]

Better Essays
1655 words (4.7 pages)

Essay Comparison of Legislature on Sex Discrimination

- GOV (2012, p. 264) stated there were 186,300 sex discrimination claims recognized by the employment tribunals during 2012, a fifteen percent fall in the number of the previous year. This proclamation advocates that the introduction of the Equality Act 2010 can be perceived to have impacted positively on the challenge of balancing the relationship between men and women in the workplace. Prior to legislation coming to force in order to protect individuals with differential characteristics from discrimination, it was accepted for employers to hire an individual of their choice....   [tags: Equal Pay Act, Sex Discrimination Act]

Better Essays
2405 words (6.9 pages)

Discrimination of Women in the Workplace Essay

- Since the time women were eligible to be an employee of a workplace, they have become victims of discrimination. Discrimination is the practice of treating a person or group of people differently from other people (Webster, 2013). Thousands of women have suffered from discrimination in workplaces because they are pregnant, disabled, or of the opposite sex. It is crazy to think that someone would fire a woman because she became pregnant and needed to have some work adjustments ("Pregnancy and parenting,")....   [tags: pregnancy discrimination act, civil rights act]

Better Essays
723 words (2.1 pages)

Discrimination And The Civil Rights Act Of 1964 Essay

- Discrimination in the Workplace In today’s age it can be difficult for many to imagine a world in which applicants were denied employment for factors such as their gender, race, religion or national origin. We have grown accustomed to living in a country that provides legislative protection in the case of discrimination in and outside the workforce. Yet, this was not always the case. It has been a mere 52 years since the illegalization of “discrimination in education, employment, public accommodations and the receipt of federal funds on the basis on race, color, gender, national origin and religion.”(BL pg.98) This new set of legislation is known as the Civil Rights Act of 1964....   [tags: Discrimination, African American, Racism, Race]

Better Essays
1244 words (3.6 pages)

Essay on Pregnancy Discrimination Act

- I. Introduction With the rise of the modern age economic survival has become difficult for families based on a single income. This economic need along with modern attitudes toward gender equality has resulted in women being represented in the workforce in greater numbers. However, until the 1960’s women faced severe discrimination when trying to enter and maintain a position in the workforce. Often qualified women would be passed over for men with less experience and education. Employers were fearful that women were too emotional and were not equipped to handle the stress of the work environment....   [tags: Civil Rights, women, workforce, discrimination]

Better Essays
1524 words (4.4 pages)

Sex Equality Essay

- Sex Equality Title IX is a sex discrimination issue that was brought up in 1972. Title IX prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in school programs and school activities (source 1). Title IX includes all high schools, colleges, and universities. Since 1972, Title IX, has made a big difference in academics, athletics, and employment oppurtunities for girls and women. A guiding principal in America states that equal opportunity is not rhetoric (source 1). The most drastic progress from the Title IX issue is in interscholastic and intercollegiate athletics....   [tags: Gender Roles, Sex Discrimination, Title IX]

Better Essays
1357 words (3.9 pages)

Employment Discrimination At The Civil Rights Act Of 1964 Essays

- Employment Discrimination To discriminate against someone means to treat that person differently, or less favorably, for some reason. Discrimination can occur while you are at school, at work, or in a public place, such as a mall or a restaurant. You can be discriminated against by school friends, teachers, coaches, co-workers, managers, or business owners. The discrimination can come in different forms such as harassment, unfair treatment due to age, race, sex, color, or religion and discrimination can be a form of retaliation towards the employer....   [tags: Discrimination, Employment]

Better Essays
811 words (2.3 pages)

Essay Age Discrimination in the Public Sector

- Age Discrimination in the Public Sector My topic of discussion will consist of an analysis on the subject of Age discrimination. Age discrimination generally is discriminating on the basis of age, which is illegal under the Federal Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA), and the California Fair Employment and Housing Act (FEHA). Age discrimination has some special aspects that make it different from other types of employment discrimination. My research will discuss this more in detail. Included will be several court decisions of great importance, the history of the Age Discrimination Statute, and other important data in regards to Age discrimination....   [tags: Discrimination Discriminating Essays]

Better Essays
3250 words (9.3 pages)