The term motivation is derived from the Latin word movere, which means movement. BRON According to Steers et al. (2004) motivation is concerned with factors that stimulate and sustain human behaviour over time. Steers et al. (2004) stated that the earliest approaches about motivation date from the time of Greek Philosophers. So, as motivation exists over decades, several definitions arose. In the present study, two of these definitions are discussed.
An extensive definition is from Katzell and Thompson (1990) who define work motivation as a construct with regard to certain conditions and processes of the organizations that can be held accountable for the excitement, direction, and effort in a person’s job. Katzell and Thomspon (1990) make a distinction between endogenous motivation category and exogenous motivation category. Hereby the endogenous category is relating to, or developed by an internal cause or origin, for example “expectancies and attitudes of employees (Katzell & Thompson, 1990, p.145)”. And the exogenous category is relating to, or...
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