Several theories on motivation exist. These theories are categorized as either content (needs-based) theories or process theories. Udechukwu (2009) states that process theories of motivation focus on the needs or values that favor job satisfaction. Adam’s equity theory, Vroom's expectancy theory, Skinner's reinforcement theory, and Locke's goal setting theory fall under process theories of motivation category. On the other hand, content theories of motivation focus on “the particular needs that must be attained for an individual to be satisfied with his or her job” (Udechukwu, 200...
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...p managers understand employees’ behavior as it relates to motivation.
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Sadri, G., & Bowen, R. (2011). Meeting employee requirements: Maslow's hierarchy of needs is still a reliable guide to motivating staff. Industrial Engineer: IE, 43(10), 44-48. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Udechukwu, I. I. (2009). Correctional officer turnover: of Maslow's needs hierarchy and Herzberg's motivation theory. Public Personnel Management, 38(2), 69-82. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
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