Essay on Empirical, Personal, Ethical And Aesthetic ( Hopp & Rittenmeyer, 2012 )

Essay on Empirical, Personal, Ethical And Aesthetic ( Hopp & Rittenmeyer, 2012 )

Length: 782 words (2.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview


In the foundation of nursing knowledge, there are four ways of knowing: Empirical, Personal, Ethical and Aesthetic (Hopp & Rittenmeyer, 2012).
The Empirical way relates to the science of nursing that uses laws and theories to predict the outcome (Carper, n.d.). A simple example of this occurred when caring for a patient with an edematous, painful left lower extremity that was warm with erythema noted from mid-calf down to the ankle. To predict the care and possible outcome, the nurse uses the knowledge of science to determine possible testing and causes for these symptoms. A notification to the physician is made and an ultrasound of the left lower leg is ordered. The results of the ultrasound indicate a deep vein thrombosis and the patient is placed on a Heparin drip. The inhibited blood flow by an embolus in the vein caused the area to become reddened, warm and painful due to lack of circulation in that area. This information can be evaluated by other health care providers to predict the outcome. This intervention was informed by the empirical way of knowing, or the science.
The personal way of knowing is knowing and actualizing of the individual self (Carper, n.d). There are three processes of personal knowing that include: opening, centering and realizing (Jasper, 2003). One example of the personal way of knowing is demonstrated when experiencing situations with a patient that are similar to one’s past experience. A patient was admitted with malignant hypertension and was experiencing high levels of stress, mainly due to the loss of her loved one. As her nurse and having experienced a recent loss of a loved one as well, allowed for complete understanding of the experience that the patient was going through. Althou...


... middle of paper ...


...of knowing is communicating with patients even though they cannot hear or see you. Working in the intensive care unit, patients are often intubated and sedated. A particular patient and family come to mind when reflecting on this way of knowing. Although this patient was sedated, the creative nursing interventions were holding his hand, combing his hair and giving emotional support to the family. After being discharged from the hospital in stable condition, this patient came back to the intensive care unit to visit and showed his appreciation, with tears in his eyes, for the excellent care he received. Families are often emotional and stress levels are high when their loved ones are sick. Providing holistic care to the family and as well as the patient is necessary for optimal healing and an intervention for the aesthetic way of knowing (Smith & Parker, 2015).

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Aesthetic Emotion And Visual Emotion Essays

- Throughout many centuries, art is portrayed as the production of an object which supply us a particular kind of pleasure. Philosophers claim that aesthetic emotion is based on perception. It can be determined by an individual’s focus on a specific object. Bell defines art as significant form whereas Tolstoy defines art as communication of feelings. Bell believed all objects provoke aesthetic emotion by the elements of an artwork but Tolstoy would disagree. According to Bell, visual art evokes an emotional response from the audience through its qualities....   [tags: Art, Aesthetics, Emotion, Feeling]

Better Essays
1017 words (2.9 pages)

Essay on Aesthetic Experience and Verbal Art

- Aesthetic Experience and Verbal Art It is a common assumption that there is an art which can be defined as literary or verbal. Yet, this definition relies mainly on linguistic criteria. Can literary art also be accounted for philosophically. In this paper I intend to offer such an account. Starting from the Hegelian conception of language and of the aesthetic experience, I shall argue that literary, and more specifically poetic, discourse can be defined as the verbal completion of an aesthetic experience, and that this distinctive feature marks off literary discourse from other types of discourse such as scientific and philosophical discourse....   [tags: Argumentative Philosophy Argument Papers]

Free Essays
3963 words (11.3 pages)

The Aesthetic Value of Animals Essay

- will argue in favour of Russow’s claim that the aesthetic value we have for a species is actually the aesthetic value we have for individuals of that species. Aesthetic value cannot apply to a species because the term species is just a word to categorize the individual members within it. Just like it would be wrong to apply aesthetic value to the word impressionist painting, instead you would apply the aesthetic value to individual works of art that fall into that category. Therefore when speaking of why we must morally protect a species, it is for the aesthetic value of the individual animals and not the whole species....   [tags: zoology, animal science]

Better Essays
680 words (1.9 pages)

Aesthetic Pleasure and Theories Essay

- When it comes to aesthetic pleasure, there are many ways of arriving at the notion that something is aesthetically pleasing or something is art, cultures differ, but there are four theories that allow discussion on how or why something is aesthetically pleasing. These theories are; The Theory of Expression, The Theory of Representation, Institutional Theory and Formal Theory. But before proceeding one must understand what aesthetic pleasure is. Aesthetic pleasure is the pleasure received from seeing or hearing something beauty, as long as something is beautiful then that something is art....   [tags: Music, Rap]

Better Essays
555 words (1.6 pages)

Empirical Minds Essay

- While most people would like to claim that their childhood was either fraught with conflict and drama, or perfect and picturesque, I cannot honestly lay claim to either. Not to say that my youth was uneventful, to the contrary, there were many defining events that directed me into becoming the young man I am today. However, there is one thing about my childhood that seems to be missing from the childhood of many of my peers and those older than myself; my immediate family was never really superstitious....   [tags: Personal Experience ]

Better Essays
704 words (2 pages)

Kant’s Aesthetic Theory and the Problem of Particularity Essay example

- Kant’s Aesthetic Theory and the Problem of Particularity ABSTRACT: In moving away from the objective, property-based theories of earlier periods to a subject-based aesthetic, Kant did not intend to give up the idea that judgments of beauty are universalizable. Accordingly, the "Deduction of Judgments of Taste" (KU, § 38) aims to show how reflective aesthetic judgments can be "imputed" a priori to all human subjects. The Deduction is not successful: Kant manages only to justify the imputation of the same form of aesthetic experience to everyone; he does not show that this experience will universally occur in response to the same objects....   [tags: Philosophy]

Better Essays
4479 words (12.8 pages)

Essay on The Empirical Formula of Magnesium Oxide

- The Empirical Formula of Magnesium Oxide Aim. To find out the empirical formulae for magnesium-oxide Introduction. The empirical formula of a compound tells us the types of atoms present in a compound as well as the simplest whole-number ratio of the different types of atoms. The empirical formula does not tell us the actual number of atoms in the molecule. The mass of Mg + the mass of O2=mass of MgxOx. Knowing the mass of magnesium used and the mass of magnesium oxide produced you can determine the mass of oxygen used....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
914 words (2.6 pages)

The 19th Century Aesthetic Movement Essay example

- The 19th Century Aesthetic Movement The Arts and Crafts Movement is the main line of reform design in the 19th century that defines the period of its greatest development, roughly between 1875-1920. The Aesthetic Movement and Art Nouveau, whose roots were in the reaction to the Industrial Revolution in England in the middle of the 19th century, are the two major stylistic developments of this Movement’s philosophy (A Thing of Beauty 9). The term "Aesthetic Movement" refers to the introduction of principles that emphasized art in the production of furniture, metalwork, ceramics, stained glass, textiles, wallpapers, and books....   [tags: Art History Essays]

Better Essays
948 words (2.7 pages)

Empirical Formula of Magnesium Oxide Essay

- Empirical Formula of Magnesium Oxide Date: Aim: The aim of this experiment was to determine the empirical formula of magnesium oxide. Equipment: · Balance · Crucible and lid · Bunsen burner · Magnesium ribbon (0.2g) · Steel wool · Crucible tongs · Pipe clay triangle · Tripod Procedure: 1. Obtain a clean, dry crucible and lid, then heat them for approximately 5 minutes over a Bunsen burner 2. Clean the surface of a 20 cm strip of magnesium ribbon using steel wool 3....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
583 words (1.7 pages)

Empirical Research Essay

- Empirical Research Empirical research is defined by the context of two separate types of study. Both methods are of value to the researcher in his/her quest for better understanding of the test subjects. However, correlational and experimental studies each has its own set of qualifications which allow for differences in subject and matter. Scientifically, some of these are useful, though others could be viewed as problematic. Correlational research is the process of studying the relationship between two variables....   [tags: science]

Better Essays
618 words (1.8 pages)