The Empire : The Persian Empire Essay

The Empire : The Persian Empire Essay

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From watching the video “Engineering an Empire: The Persians” I learned about the Persian Empire. Persia is today the country of known as Iran. Led by Cyrus II the Great (576 – 530 BC) Persia became one of the largest and most successful empires of all time. The reign of Cyrus the Great is said to have lasted from twenty eight to thirty one years. In that time he stretched his empire over much land, including; parts of the Balkans and Thrace-Macedonia in the west, to the Indus Valley in the east. Because he was a just and benevolent leader who refused to enslave his conquered subjects he was given many titles including; The Great King, King of Media, King of Babylon, King of Sumer among many others. In 539 BC Cyrus conquered Babylon, but instead of presenting himself as a conquer he presented himself as a liberator, freeing those people from their cruel leader. He then went on to free the Jews. Many may say he did this only to create a so called “buffer state” between his own empire and the hostility of Egypt. Under his guidance Persia gave way to some of the most ingenious engineering the world had ever seen. Engineering feats included an innovative water management system; a water canal linking the Nile River to the Red Sea; and the creation of The Mausoleum of Maussollos, one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Cyrus built the foundations of a courier, or mail, system. In 530 BC Cyrus the Great died in battle. He did not live long enough to see all that his empire could have become, because of this he has been compared to Julius Cesar. By the time of his death the Persian Empire had 3 capitols known as Babylon, Persepolis, and Ecbatana. This left Persia without a leader, and created a great war. Persia’s future now hung in the...

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... the great died 486 B.C.E. Leadership was then taken over by his son Xerxes (486–465 B.C.). In 480 B.C.E., under the leadership of King Xerxes the Persians attempted to expand their empire into Greece, but Sparta and Athens refused to give way. Xerxes led his sea and land army defeating the Spartans at the battle of Thermopylae. They eventually overtook Athens as well. However, the Greeks went on to win the war against the Persian navy in the straits of Salamis in 479 B.C. It is speculated that at this point a serious revolt broke out in Babylonia. Xerxes quickly pulled out Greece and successfully defeated the Babylonian rebellion. However, the Persian went on to be defeated by the Greeks at the Battle of Plataea in 479 B.C. Sadly the Persian Empire fell. In 331 B.C.E. Alexander the Great rose to power and tore down the dreams of the Persian Empire ever expanding.

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