The Empire : The Persian Empire Essay

The Empire : The Persian Empire Essay

Length: 874 words (2.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

From watching the video “Engineering an Empire: The Persians” I learned about the Persian Empire. Persia is today the country of known as Iran. Led by Cyrus II the Great (576 – 530 BC) Persia became one of the largest and most successful empires of all time. The reign of Cyrus the Great is said to have lasted from twenty eight to thirty one years. In that time he stretched his empire over much land, including; parts of the Balkans and Thrace-Macedonia in the west, to the Indus Valley in the east. Because he was a just and benevolent leader who refused to enslave his conquered subjects he was given many titles including; The Great King, King of Media, King of Babylon, King of Sumer among many others. In 539 BC Cyrus conquered Babylon, but instead of presenting himself as a conquer he presented himself as a liberator, freeing those people from their cruel leader. He then went on to free the Jews. Many may say he did this only to create a so called “buffer state” between his own empire and the hostility of Egypt. Under his guidance Persia gave way to some of the most ingenious engineering the world had ever seen. Engineering feats included an innovative water management system; a water canal linking the Nile River to the Red Sea; and the creation of The Mausoleum of Maussollos, one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Cyrus built the foundations of a courier, or mail, system. In 530 BC Cyrus the Great died in battle. He did not live long enough to see all that his empire could have become, because of this he has been compared to Julius Cesar. By the time of his death the Persian Empire had 3 capitols known as Babylon, Persepolis, and Ecbatana. This left Persia without a leader, and created a great war. Persia’s future now hung in the...


... middle of paper ...


... the great died 486 B.C.E. Leadership was then taken over by his son Xerxes (486–465 B.C.). In 480 B.C.E., under the leadership of King Xerxes the Persians attempted to expand their empire into Greece, but Sparta and Athens refused to give way. Xerxes led his sea and land army defeating the Spartans at the battle of Thermopylae. They eventually overtook Athens as well. However, the Greeks went on to win the war against the Persian navy in the straits of Salamis in 479 B.C. It is speculated that at this point a serious revolt broke out in Babylonia. Xerxes quickly pulled out Greece and successfully defeated the Babylonian rebellion. However, the Persian went on to be defeated by the Greeks at the Battle of Plataea in 479 B.C. Sadly the Persian Empire fell. In 331 B.C.E. Alexander the Great rose to power and tore down the dreams of the Persian Empire ever expanding.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about The Mongol Empire and the Persian Empire

- Throughout time, many civilizations have been noted as ‘great’ pertaining to not only the characteristics of their leaders, but also by how well they spread and influence other nations. The Mongol and Achaemenid (Early Persian) empire are two empires that held a significant amount of power during their time period. There were many different religions practiced in the civilizations, and the practice and tolerance of religion is an important aspect to the power of a nation. The Mongol empire and the Achaemenid empire are two empires that are considerably different in regards to their belief systems that were practiced and the motivation behind their religious tolerance, but share a similarity...   [tags: religion, holy, power]

Better Essays
982 words (2.8 pages)

Essay about The Modern Era Of The Persian Empire

- The Persian Empire spanned from Egypt in the west to Turkey in the north, and through Mesopotamia to the Indus River in the east. It was a series of imperial dynasties centered in Persia. It was established by Cyrus the Great in 550 BC, with the Persian conquest of Media, Lydia and Babylonia. The Persian history was interrupted by the Islamic conquest and later by the Mongol invasion. The main religion of ancient Persia was Zoroastrianism, but after the 7th century this was replaced by Islam. In the modern era, a series of Islamic dynasties ruled Persia independently of the universal caliphate....   [tags: Achaemenid Empire, Cyrus the Great]

Better Essays
1499 words (4.3 pages)

The Fall Of The Persian Empire Essay

- Alexander the Great is the Greatest Throughout history, many great empires have risen up and gained extraordinary amounts of power. These empires gain power through the expansion and the conquest of land and expanding territory. However, in history, it is clear that not all great empires last. The Persian Empire is one of the great empires, which rise to power and then decline gradually over time. The Persian Empire fell due to a number of reasons such as bad leadership and poor military tactics; however, the drastic one of all was caused by one man, Alexander the Great....   [tags: Alexander the Great, Achaemenid Empire]

Better Essays
1961 words (5.6 pages)

The Persian Empire Essay

- The Persian Empire was created in 546 BCE by Cyrus the Great after he defeated and conquered Media and Lydias. The Persian Empire is a very diverse empire with the official language of Farsi Fars. With such a huge empire, they had to know how to control their people so that there is not a revolution. There were two ideas to control the people; the empire could keep them (the people) weak. This will lead to the people not having enough resources, which will make the civilians desperate and can trigger a revolution....   [tags: Qin Shi Huang, China, Great Wall of China]

Better Essays
980 words (2.8 pages)

The Rise and Fall of the Persian Empire Essay

- Iran was included in the territory of what was then the ancient Persian Empire. For centuries Iran (land of the Aryans) was also referred to as Persia, which was the official name until 1935. Fourteen years had passed before the Iranian government allowed the use of both names. Few groups of people today have significant history like the Iranians, descending from the ancient Persians, who possess one of the world’s richest and oldest cultures. Historically, a variety of other cultures and groups had once occupied the ancient Iranian plateau as early as 4,000 B.C.E, with little importance....   [tags: World Civilization ]

Better Essays
2005 words (5.7 pages)

The Fall of the Persian Empire to the Greeks Essay

- One of the most powerful empires of the day, the Persian Empire threatened the Greeks in 499 BC. The Persian Empire ruled by Darius, at that time stretched from the Mediterranean Sea to the Indus River Valley. Greatly outnumbering the Greeks, the Persians should have easily conquered them. The Greeks were able to defeat the Persians because they united for a sole purpose. This unification provided the strength they needed to win decisive military and naval sea battles. The Greek and Persian war began with the Ionian Revolt.....   [tags: sole, purpose, unification, military, naval]

Better Essays
1517 words (4.3 pages)

Essay about The Persian Empire Under Cyrus The Great

- With the knowledge I have gained, I believe that the most ideal civilization for me to subside in would be Persian Empire under Cyrus the Great. The Persian Empire conquered many civilizations on its voyage from a nomadic tribe to one of the world 's greatest powers. Being a world power, would allow the ideals and concepts of the Persian culture, my culture, to flourish. Yet, the most important reason why I would live with the Persians rather than any other civilization is due to how culturally diverse and tolerant they were....   [tags: Babylon, Babylonia, Mesopotamia, Culture]

Better Essays
703 words (2 pages)

Essay on Aristotle 's Effect On Alexander The Great And The Persian Empire

- Aristotle’s Effect on Alexander The Great and the Persian Empire Rough Draft Claire Johnson Mr. Hart Ancient Medieval History, Black 7-8 12 December 2014 When Alexander III of Macedon, more commonly known as Alexander the Great, was thirteen years old, his father, Philip II, who had been mostly uninvolved in his son’s studies, appointed Aristotle as his tutor, creating one of the most well known student-teacher pairings of all time. Aristotle, who had been taught by Plato for seventeen years, had a great impact on Alexander....   [tags: Alexander the Great, Philip II of Macedon]

Better Essays
2985 words (8.5 pages)

The Greatest Military Leader And The King Of Macedon, Conquerors Of The Almighty Persian Empire

- Greatness is not something that is achieved overnight. Those who are great and were great will not and have not been forgotten. However, one particular man in history is arguably one of the greatest military leaders in history who had ever lived. Hell, he even has the word “great” in his name when people refer to him. That man would be no other than Alexander the Great. The determined leader that strikes fear and tremble into those who oppose him. Ruthless in nature yet still humbly stands with his men when times are tough....   [tags: Alexander the Great, Philip II of Macedon]

Better Essays
1224 words (3.5 pages)

The Conquests and Legacy of Alexander the Great Essay

- Alexander III of Macedon, more commonly known as Alexander the Great, is one of the most legendary figures in our history and in the history of the world. His conquests and endeavors echoed far and wide, bringing about new eras and ideas to the world. Alexander earned his place in the world’s history and is worthy of the title ‘The Great’ because of his military prowess, his idealism and his legacy. During the course of his life and reign, Alexander had fought and won many battles and wars, defeating many kings and warlords throughout the ancient world....   [tags: Persian Empire]

Better Essays
872 words (2.5 pages)