As early as the 1940’s psychologist started to focus more on cognition, they began to research and write more on intelligence and other cognitive aspects, such as problem solving and memory. But it was David Wechsler who started to recognize that there were certain non-cognitive aspects that needed to be taken in to account. Wechsler himself defined intelligence as "the aggregate or global capacity of the individual to act purposefully, to think rationally, and to deal effectively with his environment". Wechsler believed that it was both non-intellective and intellective elements that were important in detecting a person’s ability to succeed in life. And these elements included environmental factors and other personal factors of an individual’s life (Wechsler, 1940, p. 103).
David Wechsler’s work on intelligence had influenced many psychologists to continue research in this field. Like Wechsler, Robert Thorndike was also researching on intelligence. Thorndike, with Saul Stern, attempted to review so...
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...tion, clarity, and repair: Exploring emotional intelligence using the Trait Meta-Mood Scale. In J. W. Pennebaker (Ed.), Emotion, disclosure, and health (pp. 125-154). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
5. Wechsler, D. (1940). Nonintellective factors in general intelligence. Psychological Bulletin, 37, 444-445.
6. Thorndike, R.L., and Stern, S. (1937). An evaluation of the attempts to measure social intelligence. Psychological Bulletin, 34, 275-284.
7. Gardner, H. (1993). Frames of Mind: Theory of multiple intelligences. New York: Basic Books
8. Jones, D. K. & Nugent, F. A. (2009). Introduction to profession of counseling: Fifth edition. New Jersey: Pearson Inc.
9. Goleman, D. (1995). Emotional intelligence: Why it can matter more than IQ. NewYork: BantamBooks.
10. Goleman, D. (1998). Working with emotional intelligence. New York: Bantam Books.
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