Emotional Intelligence ( Eq ) And General Intelligence As A Whole ( Iq )

Emotional Intelligence ( Eq ) And General Intelligence As A Whole ( Iq )

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Over twenty years ago Mayer & Salovey (1993) introduced the concept of Emotional Intelligence (EQ). Since then psychologists and researchers have debated the distinction between EQ and Social Intelligence (SQ) and general intelligence as a whole (IQ). Many critics of EQ believe that it is better defined as a ‘competence’ rather than an intelligence (Salovey & Mayer, 1993). Others, suggest that it is merely an extension of SQ, and cannot stand alone as a type of intelligence (Matthews, Zeidner, & Roberts, 2002). Some researchers reject the idea of multiple intelligences, instead asserting that general intelligence encompasses a wide range of abilities and talents, and therefore these ‘multiple’ intelligences are facets of our general intelligence (Becker, 2003). However, as discussed in a number of prominent articles, EQ is a viable concept that can be distinguished from SQ and IQ, in order to gain insight into individual differences, and the possible effects EQ has on everyday life, and academic and job performance (Salovey & Mayer, 1993; Mayer, Salovey, & Caruso, 2000, 2004; Palmer, Gignac, Manocha, & Stough, 2005; Kumar, Rose, & Subramaniam, 2008; Brackett, Mayer, & Warner, 2004). Although it is important to be able to define EQ’s psychometric properties and measures, it is the practical distinction between EQ, and IQ and SQ that fascinates researchers. The idea that measuring and understanding a person’s EQ can provide insight into relationships and everyday life is what distinguishes emotional intelligence from SQ and IQ.
Firstly, it is important to define intelligence. As Kumar et al. (2008) stated, it involves the abilities “to gather and manipulate information, draw inferences, and enact cognitive, emotive, or behavioural...

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... could be measured separately and reliably, and deals specifically with emotional processing. Research suggests an individual’s levels of EQ can help predict problem behaviours such as drug use, and deviance, as well as job performance and academic performance (Mayer, Salovey, & Caruso, 2004; Brackett, Mayer, & Warner, 2004). This presents a practical distinction between IQ and EQ, and proves EQ a more valid and reliable intelligence than SQ. Exploration of EQ tells us that there is another type of thinker, “who is engaged in sophisticated [emotional] information processing” (Mayer, Caruso, & Salovey, 2000, p. 295). Notably, EQ has demonstrated potential to aid in solving real-world problems and influence emotional education, however more research is necessary to improve psychometric measures and strengthen links to everyday life (Matthews, Zeidner, & Roberts, 2002).

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