Emotional, Emotional Bond Between The Caregiver And The Infant Essay example

Emotional, Emotional Bond Between The Caregiver And The Infant Essay example

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An attachment is the unique, emotional bond between the caregiver and the infant and is characterised by mutual affection and a desire to maintain proximity (Bowlby, 1969; Shaffer, 1996). Attachment is concerned with survival and emotional regulation and the infant will do whatever is necessary to maintain their attachments and to ensure safety (Bowlby, 1988). The infant uses the attachment figure as a ‘secure base’ (Ainsworth, 1989). The security of the attachment ultimately depends on how the caregiver responds to the child and in turn this becomes the groundwork for the infant’s emotional development and emotional self-regulation. Children develop an understanding of how relationships work from their early attachments and the lifelong impact of these early attachments is reflected in their relationships with others, their self-regulation and emotional openness (Gross, Baliff, 1991; Harris, 1989., cited in Shaffer, 1996).
Attachment bonds are an important factor in the development of an individual. These bonds provide a sense of closeness, continuity and emotional support during life transitions. Infants deprived of social stimulation have difficulty attaching and this can lead to attachment disorders.
There are a patterns of attachment such as avoidant attachment; the infant is least distressed by caregivers departure and will play without fuss when alone. Ambivalent (resistant) attachment; the infants are mostly emotional and show severe signs of stress when caregivers leave and are ambivalent upon their return, may display signs of alternate clinging and pushing away. Disorganised (disoriented) attachment; infants seem dazed and confused and behaviours are contradictory (justice.gov.uk, 2015).
Early research tends to focus...

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...and finally, murder. Additionally, her inability to experience attachments towards others enabled her to devalue her victims (Shipley & Arrigo, 2004., cited in Arrigo & Griffin, 2004). Although it is likely that Aileen’s deviance was down to primary attachment problems, it is also likely that Aileen began with a biological predisposition for psychopathology as her father was a convicted child molester who later committed suicide in prison.

Early attachment difficulties does not automatically pose risk for subsequent development problems and secure attachment in infancy does not protect from adverse social outcomes (Adams et al, 2009). Biology and genetics can have a predispositions to likelihood of deviance and criminality and amongst the factors are prenatal conditions or complications such as learning problems, psychiatric disorders and personality traits.

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