Elementary forms of religious life
Emile Durkheim (1858 - 1917) was born in Lorraine, France, and was raised in a traditional Orthodox Jewish family. In 1893 he brought a doctoral dissertation entitled Division of Labor in Society (1893), which became a classic in sociology. He wrote the rules of Sociological Approach (1966/1895) and suicide (1897). Durkheim in 1906 became a professor at the Sorbonne and in 1912 issued his final book / last, The Elementary Forms of Religious Life, where he developed his theory of religion. Durkheim belongs French sociological tradition, which was concerned with questions of social integration and social unity. The notion that society forms an integrated unity was prominent in Germany and France by the end of the nineteenth century, and was important for Durkheim. Durkheim 's belief is that all forms of religion are essentially the same. To study more closely religion, the religion he wanted to examine the most simple and primitive known, assuming that it must represent the basic model for all religions.
The issue of religion in general today is highly complex. We hear often happens that religion is something of the past now, and without influence. It has no connection with science because we know from history that it be allowed not justified by the different experiments for confirmation. Therefore, from this line to the opposition between science and religion or religious views. This controversy came because science is always ready to give and do experiments on any matter, while religion has remained a dogma vague and which has devised its own man in ignorance of his and his inability to recognize the new things. Among the most famous sociologists who are taking this issue ...
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...cal and anthropological, as found in the works of Thomas Luckmann, Mary Douglas and Daniele HeHervieu-Leger.
But, according to one author, statements and opinions similar to those mentioned above, have only one meaning: "The statements above with no surprise at all, given that the problem of religion is also its problem man. The history of religion is human history. How is the old man, so is old his religion, because going around the world can see the city without walls around, no schools, no buildings, no coins, no writings, but people no temples, no gods, no prayer, without religion, without ritual sacrifice and no one has seen "(PLUTARHI, Adversus Colotes). Therefore, in conclusion we can say that the problem of religion has occupy a prominent place in the history of human thought and still remains one of the main focuses of many sciences, and especially sociology.
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