Throughout time, sociologists have studied our social behaviors and developed theories to explain such behaviors. Two of the most well-known sociologists are Emile Durkheim and Karl Marx. One of the most important thing that they have both studied that we have examined in class is capitalism and the division of labor, and how it affects the individual and the collective. Although their ideas were different, they each presented evidence to prove their theories about this topic.
Emile Durkheim, a french sociologist, philosopher, and social psychologist is considered to be one of the “fathers” of social science and sociology. He attended the University of Paris and the University of Bordeaux where he studied social science and began studying the division of labor. Durkheim believed that the division of labor was not necessarily a bad thing for the individual in society. He argued that having the division of labor was beneficial to a person because it taught and increased their working skills and produced social solidarity amongst people. Also, he said that having a division of labor brought together social systems like families, governments, religions, and the education system.
From personal experience, I would agree with Durkheim’s ideas about the division
of labor, especially in the work force. As a college student, I work at the Kroger Deli, which is a very task-oriented job. Some days can become very busy with not only waiting on customers, but also unloading the orders that come in from the places we buy our products from, producing several different types of food, working a register, and still maintaining a clean workplace. In this sort of work environment, it is very essential to have multip...
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... are usually seen as being the stronger sex.
In conclusion, the ideas we have learned about in class from two of the fathers of sociology, Emile Durkheim and Karl Marx, have taught the world things about social science that we did not know about previously. Although some of their ideas are opposing, they have each contributed to social change and share a desire to make the world a more equal place for everyone. Capitalism will be something that people will always share
opposite views on, but exploring both sides of the spectrum can create social change within itself. I feel that I have learned more about how to create social change by studying these theorists and their ideas on capitalism and the division of labor because I can look at both of their findings and combine some of their concepts to make it applicable in real life situations, such as in my workplace.
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