According to Adamson, these authors, who are now gaining popularity among the ecocritics and environmentalists, require a different kind of reading than established ecocriticism. The term Adamson uses to describe this difference is Environmental Justice. The term justice helps the environmental justice activists in distinguishing themselves from the white, middle class environmental organizations, and also to establish a connection between social justice issues like race, gender, class, etc. and environmental problems (Tarter 60). In Postcolonial Ecologies: Literatures of the Environment (2011), Deloughrey and Handley raise the question as to why the environmental concerns are often considered as distinct from postcolonial ones (14). Similarities can be seen between them as both are based on the concept of ‘othering’. While post-colonialism tends to be people-centred, ecocriticism is nature-centred in its orientation. Although environmental justice is central to ecocriticism but the method of practicing it is still not well established.
The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) defines Environmental Justice as the fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people regardless of race, color, national origin, or income with respect to the d...
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... in Silko’s “Almanac of the Dead.” MELUS 34.2 (2009): 25-42. JSTOR. Web. 17 Aug. 2013.
Sinha, Indra. Animal’s People. London: Simon & Schuster UK Ltd., 2007. Print.
Tarter, Jim. Rev. of American Indian Environmental Justice, and Ecocriticism: The Middle Place, by Joni Adamson. Studies in American Indian Literatures 14.2/3 (2002): 59-63. Print.
U. S Environmental Protection Agency. Environmental Justice. Web. 7 March 2014.
Verchick, R.M. Robert. “Feminist Theory and Environmental Justice.” New Perspectives on Environmental Justice:Gender, Sexuality, and Activism. Ed. Rachel Stein. New Brunswick: Rutgers UP, 2004. Print.
Vital, Anthony. “Situating Ecology in Recent South African Fiction: J.M. Coetzee’s The Lives of Animals and Zakes Mda’s The Heart of Redness.” Journal of Southern African Studies 31.2 (2005): 297-313. Print.
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